Wonsun Park

Associate Professor, Project Leader

Email: wpark@pusan.ac.kr

Phone: +82-51-510-5857

Research Interests

  • Climate modeling
  • Natural climate variability
  • Anthropogenic climate changes
  • Paleoclimate modeling


2002 Ph.D. Oceanography (Physical Oceanography), Seoul National University
1994 M.Sc. Oceanography, Seoul National University
1992 B.Sc. Oceanography (minor in Physics), Inha University

Work Experience

2022 present Associate Professor, Pusan National University, Busan
2012 2022 Scientist with Tenure (Senior Scientist), GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany
2005 2011 Postdoctoral Scientist, Scientist with Tenure (Senior Scientist), Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Kiel, Germany
2002 2005 Postdoctoral Scientist, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
2016 present Member of board of trustees, Korea Foundation for Max Planck POSTECH/Korea Research Initiative (MPK)
2016 2020 President, Korean Scientists and Engineers Association in Germany (VeKNI)
2017 2019 Conference co-chair, Europe-Korea Conference on Science and Technology; 2017 Stockholm; 2018 Glasgow; 2019 Vienna
2016 Conference chair, 9th Europe-Korea Conference on Science and Technology, EKC 2016, Berlin
2011 2014 Scientific Committee, EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology; 2011 Paris, 2012 Berlin, 2013 Brighton, 2014 Vienna
2005 2009 Steering Committee, European ESPERE Association (Environmental Science Published for Everybody Round the Earth)
2005 2006 Chief Secretary, Korean Scientists and Engineers Association in Germany (VeKNI)

Fellowships, Awards, and Honors

2018 Minister’s award of Science and Technology – Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea
2012 ASLI's Choice Award for the best book of 2012 in the fields of meteorology / climatology / atmospheric sciences
2012 President’s award of Scientists Abroad - Maeil Business Newspaper, The Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies (KOFST)
2010 Environment and Energy, KOFST ULTRA Program Invitation, The Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies (KOFST)
2002-2004 Postdoctoral Fellowships, The Korea Science and Engineering Foundation, Max Planck Society


Climate model development

  1. Matthes, K., Biastoch, A., Wahl, S., Harlaß, J., Martin, T., Brücher, T., Drews, A., Ehlert, D., Getzlaff, K., Krüger, F., Rath, W., Scheinert, M., Schwarzkopf, F. U., Bayr, T., Schmidt, H. and Park, W. (2020) The Flexible Ocean and Climate Infrastructure Version 1 (FOCI1): Mean State and Variability. Geoscientific Model Development, 13 . pp. 2533-2568. DOI 10.5194/gmd-13-2533-2020.
  2. Park, T., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2016) Correcting North Atlantic Sea Surface Salinity Biases in the Kiel Climate Model: Influences on Ocean Circulation and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability Climate Dynamics, 47 (7). pp. 2543-2560. DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-2982-1.
  3. Drews, A., Greatbatch, R. J., Ding, H., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2015) The use of a flow field correction technique for alleviating the North Atlantic cold bias with application to the Kiel Climate Model Ocean Dynamics, 65 . pp. 1079-1093. DOI 10.1007/s10236-015-0853-7.
  4. Harlass, J., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2015) Improving Climate Model Simulation of Tropical Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature: The Importance of Enhanced Vertical Atmosphere Model Resolution Geophysical Research Letters . DOI 10.1002/2015GL063310.
  5. Park, W., Keenlyside, N., Latif, M., Ströh, A., Redler, R., Roeckner, E. and Madec, G. (2009) Tropical Pacific climate and its response to global warming in the Kiel Climate Model Journal of Climate, 22 . pp. 71-92. DOI 10.1175/2008JCLI2261.1.

Tropical Pacific climate variability and changes

  1. Bayr, T., Wengel, C., Latif, M., Dommenget, D., Lübbecke, J. F.  and Park, W. (2019) Error compensation of ENSO atmospheric feedbacks in climate models and its influence on simulated ENSO dynamics. Climate Dynamics, 53 (1-2). pp. 155-172. DOI 10.1007/s00382-018-4575-7
  2. Bordbar, M. H., England, M. H., Sen Gupta, A., Santoso, A., Taschetto, A. S., Martin, T., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2019) Uncertainty in near-term global surface warming linked to tropical Pacific climate variability. Nature Communications, 10 (Article 1990). DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-09761-2.
  3. Wengel, C., Latif, M., Park, W., Harlaß, J. and Bayr, T. (2019) Eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature annual cycle in the Kiel Climate Model: simulation benefits from enhancing atmospheric resolution. Climate Dynamics, 52 (3-4). pp. 1983-2003. DOI 10.1007/s00382-018-4233-0.
  4. Bayr, T., Latif, M., Dommenget, D., Wengel, C., Harlaß, J. and Park, W. (2018) Mean-state dependence of ENSO atmospheric feedbacks in climate models. Climate Dynamics, 50 (9-10). pp. 3171-3194. DOI 10.1007/s00382-017-3799-2.
  5. Wengel, C., Latif, M., Park, W., Harlaß, J. and Bayr, T. (2018) Seasonal ENSO phase locking in the Kiel Climate Model: The importance of the equatorial cold sea surface temperature bias. Climate Dynamics, 50 (3-4). pp. 901-919. DOI 10.1007/s00382-017-3648-3.
  6. Bordbar, M. H., Martin, T., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2017) Role of internal variability in recent decadal to multidecadal tropical Pacific climate changes. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (9). pp. 4246-4255. DOI 10.1002/2016GL072355.
  7. Latif, M., Semenov, V. A. and Park, W. (2015) Super El Niños in response to global warming in a climate model Climatic Change, 132 (4). pp. 489-500. DOI 10.1007/s10584-015-1439-6.
  8. Meng, Q., Latif, M., Park, W., Keenlyside, N. S., Semenov, V. and Martin, T. (2012) Twentieth Century Walker Circulation Change: Data Analysis and Model Experiments Climate Dynamics, 38 . pp. 1757-1773. DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1047-8.
  9. Gleßmer, M., Park, W. and Oschlies, A. (2011) Simulated reduction in upwelling of tropical oxygen minimum waters in a warmer climate Environmental Research Letters, 6 (4). 045001. DOI 10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045001.
  10. Yeh, S. W., Kirtman, B. P., Kug, J. S., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2011) Natural variability of the central Pacific El Niño event on multi-centennial timescales Geophysical Research Letters, 38 . L02704. DOI 10.1029/2010GL045886.

Tropical Atlantic climate variability, predictability and changes

  1. Imbol Nkwinkwa N., A. S. , Latif, M. and Park, W. (2021) Mean‐state dependence of CO2 ‐forced tropical Atlantic sector climate change . Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (19). Art.Nr. e2021GL093803. DOI 10.1029/2021GL093803.
  2. Park, W. and Latif, M. (2020) Resolution dependence of CO2-induced Tropical Atlantic sector climate changes. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 3 (1). Art.Nr. 36. DOI 10.1038/s41612-020-00139-6.
  3. Nnamchi, H. C., Latif, M., Keenlyside, N. S. and Park, W. (2020) A Satellite Era Warming Hole in the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125 (4). Art.Nr. e2019JC015834. DOI 10.1029/2019JC015834.
  4. Li, X., Bordbar, M. H., Latif, M., Park, W. and Harlaß, J. (2020) Monthly to seasonal prediction of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature with statistical models constructed from observations and data from the Kiel Climate Model. Climate Dynamics, 54 (3-4). pp. 1829-1850. DOI 10.1007/s00382-020-05140-6.
  5. Harlaß, J., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2018) Alleviating tropical Atlantic sector biases in the Kiel climate model by enhancing horizontal and vertical atmosphere model resolution: climatology and interannual variability. Climate Dynamics, 50 (7-8). pp. 2605-2635. DOI 10.1007/s00382-017-3760-4.
  6. Steinig, S., Harlaß, J., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2018) Sahel rainfall strength and onset improvements due to more realistic Atlantic cold tongue development in a climate model. Scientific Reports, 8 (1). Art.No. 2569. DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-20904-1.
  7. Ding, H., Greatbatch, R. J., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2015) The impact of sea surface temperature bias on equatorial Atlantic interannual variability in partially coupled model experiments Geophysical Research Letters, 42 . pp. 5540-5546. DOI 10.1002/2015GL064799.
  8. Ding, H., Keenlyside, N. S., Latif, M., Park, W. and Wahl, S. (2015) The Impact of Mean State Errors on Equatorial Atlantic Interannual Variability in a Climate Model Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 120 (2). pp. 1133-1151. DOI 10.1002/2014JC010384.
  9. Wahl, S., Latif, M., Park, W. and Keenlyside, N. (2011) On the Tropical Atlantic SST warm bias in the Kiel Climate Model Climate Dynamics, 36 (5-6). pp. 891-906. DOI 10.1007/s00382-009-0690-9.

Indian Ocean climate variability and changes

  1. Lee, S. K., Park, W., Baringer, M. O., Gordon, A. L., Huber, B. and Liu, Y. (2015) Pacific origin of the abrupt increase in Indian Ocean heat content during the warming hiatus Nature Geoscience . DOI 10.1038/ngeo2438.

North Atlantic climate variability, predictability and changes

  1. Sun, J., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2021) Subpolar Gyre – AMOC – Atmosphere Interactions on Multidecadal Timescales in a Version of the Kiel Climate Model. Journal of Climate, 34 (16). pp. 6583-6602. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0725.1.
  2. Sun, J., Latif, M., Park, W. and Park, T. (2020) On the Interpretation of the North Atlantic Averaged Sea Surface Temperature. Journal of Climate, 33 (14). pp. 6025-6045. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0158.1.
  3. Reintges, A., Latif, M., Bordbar, M. H. and Park, W. (2020) Wind Stress‐Induced Multiyear Predictability of Annual Extratropical North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (14). Art.Nr. e2020GL087031. DOI 10.1029/2020GL087031.
  4. Latif, M., Park, T. and Park, W. (2019) Decadal Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowing events in a climate model. Climate Dynamics, 53 (1-2). pp. 1111-1124. DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04772-7.
  5. Wu, Y., Park, T., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2018) North Atlantic climate model bias influence on multiyear predictability. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 481 . pp. 171-176. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.10.012.
  6. Reintges, A., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2017) Sub-decadal North Atlantic Oscillation variability in observations and the Kiel Climate Model. Climate Dynamics, 48 (11-12). pp. 3475-3487. DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3279-0.
  7. Wu, Y., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2016) Multiyear predictability of Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature in the Kiel Climate Model Climate Dynamics, 47 (3). pp. 793-804. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2871-z.
  8. Klöwer, M., Latif, M., Ding, H., Greatbatch, R. J. and Park, W. (2014) Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and the prediction of North Atlantic sea surface temperature Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 406 . pp. 1-6. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.09.001.
  9. Ba, J., Keenlyside, N. S., Latif, M., Park, W., Ding, H., Lohmann, K., Mignot, J., Menary, M., Ottera, O. H., Wouters, B., Salas y Melia, D., Oka, A., Bellucci, A. and Volodin, E. (2014) A multi-model comparison for Atlantic multidecadal variability Climate Dynamics, 43 . pp. 2333-2348. DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2056-1.
  10. Lohmann, K., Jungclaus, J. H., Matei, D., Mignot, J., Menary, M., Langehaug, H. R., Ba, J., Gao, Y., Otterå, O. H., Park, W. and Lorenz, S. (2014) The role of subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows in simulated multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation Ocean Science, 10 . pp. 227-241. DOI 10.5194/os-10-227-2014.
  11. Ba, J., Keenlyside, N. S., Park, W., Latif, M., Hawkins, E. and Ding, H. (2013) A mechanism for Atlantic multidecadal variability in the Kiel Climate Model Climate Dynamics, 41 (7-8). pp. 2133-2144. DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1633-4.
  12. Gulev, S. K., Latif, M., Keenlyside, N. S., Park, W. and Koltermann, K. P. (2013) North Atlantic Ocean Control on Surface Heat Flux at Multidecadal Timescale Nature, 499 . pp. 464-467. DOI 10.1038/nature12268.
  13. Park, W. and Latif, M. (2012) Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Response to Idealized External Forcing Climate Dynamics, 39 (7-8). pp. 1709-1726. DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1212-0.
  14. Menary, M., Park, W., Lohmann, K., Vellinga, M., Palmer, M. D., Latif, M. and Jungclauss, J. H. (2012) A multimodel comparison of centennial Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability Climate Dynamics, 38 (11-12). pp. 2377-2388. DOI10.1007/s00382-011-1172-4.
  15. Lee, S. K., Park, W., van Sebille, E., Baringer, M. O., Wang, C., Enfield, D. B., Yeager, S. and Kirtman, B. P. (2011) What Caused the Significant Increase in Atlantic Ocean Heat Content Since the mid-20th Century? Geophysical Research Letters, 38 . L17607. DOI 10.1029/2011GL048856.
  16. Park, W. and Latif, M. (2010) Pacific and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in the Kiel Climate Model Geophysical Research Letters, 37 . L24702. DOI 10.1029/2010GL045560.
  17. Semenov, V., Latif, M., Dommenget, D., Keenlyside, N., Strehz, A., Martin, T. and Park, W. (2010) The Impact of North Atlantic-Arctic Multidecadal Variability on Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature Journal of Climate, 23 (21). pp. 5668-5677. DOI 10.1175/2010JCLI3347.1.
  18. Latif, M., Park, W., Ding, H. and Keenlyside, N. (2009) Internal and external North Atlantic Sector variability in the Kiel Climate Model Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 18 (4). pp. 433-443. DOI 10.1127/0941-2948/2009/0395.
  19. Park, W. and Latif, M. (2008) Multidecadal and Multicentennial Variability of the Meridional Overturning CirculationGeophysical Research Letters, 35 . L22703. DOI 10.1029/2008GL035779.
  20. Semenov, V., Latif, M., Jungclaus, J. and Park, W. (2008) Is the observed NAO variability during the instrumental record unusual? Geophysical Research Letters, 35 . L11701. DOI10.1029/2008GL033273.
  21. Park, W. and Latif, M. (2005) Ocean Dynamics and the Nature of Air-Sea Interactions over the North Atlantic at Decadal Time Scales Journal of Climate, 18 (7). pp. 982-995. DOI10.1175/JCLI-3307.1.

North Pacific climate variability and changes

  1. Choi, H. Y., Lee, H. J., Kim, S. Y. and Park, W. (2020) Deepening of Future Aleutian Low in Ensemble Global Warming Simulations with the Kiel Climate Model. Ocean Science Journal, 55 . pp. 219-230. DOI 10.1007/s12601-020-0017-7.
  2. Wang, W., Matthes, K., Tian, W., Park, W., Shangguan, M. and Ding, A. (2019) Solar impacts on decadal variability of tropopause temperature and lower stratospheric (LS) water vapour: a mechanism through ocean–atmosphere coupling. Climate Dynamics, 52 (9-10). pp. 5585-5604. DOI 10.1007/s00382-018-4464-0.
  3. Lee, H. J., Kwon, M. O., Yeh, S. W., Kwon, Y. O., Park, W., Park, J. H., Kim, Y. H. and Alexander, M. A. (2017) Impact of Poleward Moisture Transport from the North Pacific on the Acceleration of Sea Ice Loss in the Arctic since 2002. Journal of Climate, 30 (17). pp. 6757-6769. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0461.1.
  4. Zhou, G., Latif, M., Greatbatch, R. J. and Park, W. (2017) State-Dependence of Atmospheric Response to Extratropical North Pacific SST Anomalies Journal of Climate, 30 (2). pp. 509-525. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0672.1.
  5. Zhou, G., Latif, M., Greatbatch, R. J. and Park, W. (2015) Atmospheric Response to the North Pacific Enabled by Daily Sea Surface Temperature Variability Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (18). pp. 7732-7739. DOI 10.1002/2015GL065356.
  6. Ding, H., Greatbatch, R. J., Latif, M., Park, W. and Gerdes, R. (2013) Hindcast of the 1976/77 and 1998/99 climate shifts in the Pacific Journal of Climate, 26 . pp. 7650-7661. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00626.1.

Northwestern Pacific and East Asian climate variability

  1. Ding, H., Greatbatch, R. J., Park, W., Latif, M., Semenov, V. and Sun, X. (2014) The variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon and its relationship to ENSO in a partially coupled climate model Climate Dynamics, 42 (1-2). pp. 367-379. DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1642-3.
  2. Park, T., Jang, C. J., Jungclaus, J. H., Haak, H., Park, W. and Oh, I. S. (2011) Effects of the Changjiang river discharge on sea surface warming in the Yellow and East China Seas in summer Continental Shelf Research, 31 . pp. 15-22. DOI 10.1016/j.csr.2010.10.012.
  3. Sun, X., Greatbatch, R., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2010) Two major modes of variability of the East Asian summer monsoon Quarterly Journal of The Royal Meteorological Society, 136 (649). pp. 829-841. DOI 10.1002/qj.635.
  4. Park, W. and Oh, I.S. (2000) Interannual and interdecadal variations of sea surface temperature in the East Asian Marginal Seas. Progress in Oceanography, 47(2-4), 191-204. DOI10.1016/S0079-6611(00)00036-7
  5. Oh, I.S., Zhurbas, V. and Park, W. (2000) Estimating horizontal diffusivity in the East Sea (Sea of Japan) and the northwest Pacific from satellite-tracked drifter data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(C3), 6483-6492. doi:10.1029/2000JC900002
  6. Park, W., Oh, I.S. and Shim, T. (1995) Temporal and spatial distributions of heat fluxes in the East Sea (Sea of Japan). The Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography, 30(2), 91-115.

Arctic climate variability and changes

  1. Garcia-Serrano, J., Frankignoul, C., King, M. P., Arribas, A., Gao, Y., Guemas, V., Matei, D., Msadek, R., Park, W. and Sanchez-Gomez, E. (2017) Multi-model assessment of linkages between eastern Arctic sea-ice variability and the Euro-Atlantic atmospheric circulation in current climate. Climate Dynamics, 49 (7-8). pp. 2407-2429. DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3454-3.
  2. Son, H. Y., Park, W., Jeong, J. H., Yeh, S. W., Kim, B. M., Kwon, M. and Kug, J. S. (2012) Nonlinear impact of the Arctic Oscillation on extratropical surface air temperature Journal of Geophysical Research.  117, D19102, DOI 10.1029/2012JD018090.
  3. Biastoch, A., Treude, T., Rüpke, L. H., Riebesell, U., Roth, C., Burwicz, E. B., Park, W., Latif, M., Böning, C. W., Madec, G. and Wallmann, K. (2011) Rising Arctic Ocean temperatures cause gas hydrate destabilization and ocean acidification Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (8). L08602. DOI 10.1029/2011GL047222.
  4. Khon, V. C., Mokhov, I. I., Latif, M., Semenov, V. and Park, W. (2010) Perspectives of Northern Sea Route and Northwest Passage in the twenty-first century Climatic Change, 100 (3-4). pp. 757-768. DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9683-2.
  5. Semenov, V., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2009) Barents Sea Inflow Shutdown: A New Mechanism for Rapid Climate Changes Geophysical Research Letters, 36 . DOI 10.1029/2009GL038911.

Southern Ocean variability and global impact

  1. Oh, J., Park, W., Lim, H., Noh, K. M., Jin, E. K. and Kug, J. (2020) Impact of Antarctic Meltwater Forcing on East Asian Climate Under Greenhouse Warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (21). Art.Nr. e2020GL089951. DOI 10.1029/2020GL089951.
  2. Park, W. and Latif, M. (2019) Ensemble global warming simulations with idealized Antarctic meltwater input. Climate Dynamics, 52 (5-6). pp. 3223-3239. DOI 10.1007/s00382-018-4319-8.
  3. Yang, R., Fairley, A. and Park, W. (2018) The Centennial Variation of El Niño Impact on Atlantic Tropical Cyclones. Earth Interactions, 22 (1). pp. 1-15. DOI 10.1175/EI-D-17-0006.1.
  4. Latif, M., Martin, T., Reintges, A. and Park, W. (2017) Southern Ocean Decadal Variability and Predictability. Current Climate Change Reports, 3 (3). pp. 163-173. DOI 10.1007/s40641-017-0068-8.
  5. Reintges, A., Martin, T., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2017) Physical controls of Southern Ocean deep-convection variability in CMIP5 models and the Kiel Climate Model. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (13). pp. 6951-6958. DOI 10.1002/2017GL074087.
  6. Pedro, J. B., Martin, T., Steig, E. J., Jochum, M., Park, W. and Rasmussen, S. O. (2016) Southern Ocean deep convection as a driver of Antarctic warming events Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (5). pp. 2192-2199. DOI 10.1002/2016GL067861.
  7. Martin, T., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2015) Southern Ocean Forcing of the North Atlantic at Multi-centennial Timescales in the Kiel Climate Model Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 114 . pp. 39-48. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.01.018.
  8. Latif, M., Martin, T. and Park, W. (2013) Southern Ocean Sector Centennial Climate Variability and Recent Decadal Trends Journal of Climate, 26 . pp. 7767-7782.
  9. Martin, T., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2013) Multi-Centennial Variability Controlled by Southern Ocean Convection in the Kiel Climate Model Climate Dynamics, 40 . pp. 2005-2022. DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1586-7.
  10. Beal, L. M., De Ruijter, W. P. M., Biastoch, A., Zahn, R. and SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO Working Group 136 (2011) On the role of the Agulhas system in ocean circulation and climate Nature, 472 (7344). pp. 429-436. DOI 10.1038/nature09983.
  11. Zahn, R., Lutjeharms, J., Biastoch, A., Hall, I., Knorr, G., Park, W. and Reason, C. (2010) Investigating the Global Impacts of the Agulhas Current Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 91 (12). p. 109. DOI 10.1029/2010EO120001.

Extreme events

  1. Meredith, E., Maraun, D., Semenov, V. A. and Park, W. (2015) Evidence for added value of convection-permitting models for studying changes in extreme precipitation Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres . n/a-n/a. DOI 10.1002/2015JD024238.
  2. Meredith, E., Semenov, V. A., Maraun, D., Park, W. and Chernokulsky, A. V. (2015) Crucial role of Black Sea warming in amplifying the 2012 Krymsk precipitation extreme Nature Geoscience, 8 (8). pp. 615-619. DOI 10.1038/ngeo2483.
  3. Volosciuk, C. D., Maraun, D., Semenov, V. A. and Park, W. (2015) Extreme Precipitation in an Atmosphere General Circulation Model: Impact of Horizontal and Vertical Model Resolution Journal of Climate, 28 (3). pp. 1184-1205. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00337.1.

Sea level changes

  1. Bordbar, M. H., Martin, T., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2015) Effects of long-term variability on projections of twenty-first century dynamic sea level Nature Climate Change . DOI 10.1038/nclimate2569.


  1. Lee, K. E., Park, W., Yeh, S. W., Bae, S. W., Ko, T. W., Lohmann, G. and Nam, S. I. (2021) Enhanced climate variability during the last millennium recorded in alkenone sea surface temperatures of the northwest Pacific margin. Global and Planetary Change, 204 . Art.Nr. 103558. DOI 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2021.103558.
  2. Lee, K. E. and Park, W. (2015) Initiation of East Asia monsoon failure at the climate transition from the Medieval Climate Anomaly to the Little Ice Age Global and Planetary Change, 128 . pp. 83-89. DOI 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.02.012.
  3. Grove, C. A., Zinke, J., Peeters, F., Park, W., Scheufen, T., Kasper, S., Randriamanantsoa, B., McCulloch, M. T. and Brummer, G. J. A. (2013) Madagascar corals reveal a multidecadal signature of rainfall and river runoff since 1708 Climate of the Past, 9 (2). pp. 641-656. DOI 10.5194/cp-9-641-2013.


  1. Khon, V., Schneider, B., Latif, M., Park, W. and Wengel, C. (2018) Evolution of Eastern Equatorial Pacific Seasonal and Interannual Variability in response to orbital forcing during the Holocene and Eemian from Model Simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (18). pp. 9843-9851. DOI 10.1029/2018GL079337.
  2. Zhang, X., Jin, L., Lu, H., Park, W., Schneider, B. and Latif, M. (2018) East–west contrast of Northeast Asian summer precipitation during the Holocene. Global and Planetary Change, 170 . pp. 190-200. DOI 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.08.018.
  3. An, S. I., Kim, H. J., Park, W. and Schneider, B. (2017) Impact of ENSO on East Asian winter monsoon during interglacial periods: effect of orbital forcing. Climate Dynamics, 49 (9-10). pp. 3209-3219. DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3506-8.
  4. Xu, X., Segschneider, J., Schneider, B., Park, W. and Latif, M. (2015) Oxygen minimum zone variations in the tropical Pacific during the Holocene Geophysical Research Letters . n/a-n/a. DOI 10.1002/2015GL064680.
  5. Zhang, X., Jin, L., Chen, J., Chen, F., Park, W., Schneider, B. and Latif, M. (2017) Detecting the relationship between moisture changes in arid central Asia and East Asia during the Holocene by model-proxy comparison. Quaternary Science Reviews, 176 . pp. 36-50. DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.012.
  6. Zinke, J., Pfeiffer, M., Park, W., Schneider, B., Reuning, L., Dullo, W. C., Camoin, G. F., Mangini, A., Schroeder-Ritzrau, A., Garbe-Schönberg, D. and Davies, G. R. (2014) Seychelles coral record of changes in sea surface temperature bimodality in the western Indian Ocean from the Mid-Holocene to the present Climate Dynamics, 43 (3-4). pp. 689-708. DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2082-z.
  7. Jin, L., Schneider, B., Park, W., Latif, M., Khon, V. and Zhang, X. (2014) The spatial-temporal patterns of Asian summer monsoon precipitation in response to Holocene insolation change: a model-data synthesis Quaternary Science Reviews, 85 . pp. 47-62. DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.11.004.
  8. Salau, O., Schneider, B., Park, W., Khon, V. and Latif, M. (2012) Modeling the ENSO impact of orbitally induced mean state climate changes Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 117 (C5). DOI 10.1029/2011JC007742.
  9. Schneider, B., Leduc, G. and Park, W. (2010) Disentangling seasonal signals in Holocene climate trends by satellite-model-proxy integration Paleoceanography, 25 . PA4217. DOI10.1029/2009PA001893.
  10. Khon, V., Park, W., Latif, M., Mokhov, I. I. and Schneider, B. (2010) Response of the Hydrological Cycle to Orbital and Greenhouse Gas Forcing Geophysical Research Letters, 37 . L19705. DOI 10.1029/2010GL044377 .
  11. Khon, V., Park, W., Latif, M., Mokhov, I. I. and Schneider, B. (2012) Tropical circulation and hydrological cycle response to orbital forcing Geophysical Research Letters, 39 . L15708. DOI 10.1029/2012GL052482.


  1. Song, Z., Latif, M., Park, W. and Zhang, Y. (2020) Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation Drives Enhanced Greenland Surface Temperature Variability During the Last Glacial Maximum. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (23). Art.Nr. e2020GL088922. DOI 10.1029/2020GL088922.
  2. Song, Z., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2019) East Atlantic Pattern Drives Multidecadal Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variability during the Last Glacial Maximum. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (19). pp. 10865-10873. DOI 10.1029/2019GL082960.


  1. Song, Z., Latif, M., Park, W. and Zhang, Y. (2018) Influence of Model Bias on Simulating North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature During the Mid-Pliocene. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 33 (8). pp. 884-893. DOI 10.1029/2018PA003397.
  2. Song, Z., Latif, M. and Park, W. (2017) Expanding Greenland Ice Sheet Enhances Sensitivity of Plio-Pleistocene Climate to Obliquity Forcing in the Kiel Climate Model. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (19). pp. 9957-9966. DOI 10.1002/2017GL074835.
  3. Song, Z., Latif, M., Park, W., Krebs-Kanzow, U. and Schneider, B. (2017) Influence of seaway changes during the Pliocene on tropical Pacific climate in the Kiel climate model: mean state, annual cycle, ENSO, and their interactions. Climate Dynamics, 48 (11-12). pp. 3725-3740. DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3298-x.
  4. Lunt, D. J., Abe-Ouchi, A., Bakker, P., Berger, A., Braconnot, P., Charbit, S., Fischer, N., Herold, N., Jungclaus, J. H., Khon, V. C., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Langebroek, P. M., Lohmann, G., Nisancioglu, K. H., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Park, W., Pfeiffer, M., Phipps, S. J., Prange, M., Rachmayani, R., Renssen, H., Rosenbloom, N., Schneider, B., Stone, E. J., Takahashi, K., Wei, W., Yin, Q. and Zhang, Z. S. (2013) A multi-model assessment of last interglacial temperatures Climate of the Past, 9 (2). pp. 699-717. DOI 10.5194/cp-9-699-2013.
  5. Zhang, X., Prange, M., Steph, S., Butzin, M., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Lunt, D. J., Nisancioglu, K. H., Park, W., Schmittner, A., Schneider, B. and Schulz, M. (2012) Changes in equatorial Pacific thermocline depth in response to Panamanian seaway closure: Insights from a multi-model study Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-318 . pp. 76-84. DOI10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.028.
  6. Krebs, U., Park, W. and Schneider, B. (2011) Pliocene aridification of Australia caused by tectonically induced weakening of the Indonesian throughflow Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309 (1-2). pp. 111-117. DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.06.002.


  1. Steinig, S., Dummann, W., Park, W., Latif, M., Kusch, S., Hofmann, P. and Flögel, S. (2020) Evidence for a regional warm bias in the Early Cretaceous TEX86 record. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 539 . Art.Nr. 116184. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116184.

Book Chapters

  1. Latif, M., Martin, T., Park, W. and Bordbar, M. H. (2015) Internal Southern Ocean Centennial Variability: Dynamics, Impacts and Implications for Global Warming. Climate Change: Multidecadal and Beyond In: Climate Change: Multidecadal and Beyond , ed. byChang, C. P., Ghil, M., Latif, M. and Wallace, J. M.. World Scientific Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, 6 . World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore, pp. 109-124. DOI 10.1142/9789814579933_0007.
  2. Latif, M., and Park, W. (2012) Climatic Variability on Decadal to Century Timescales. In: “The Future of the World’s Climate”, edited by A. Henderson-Sellers and K. McGuffie, pp. 167–195, Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN 978-0-12-386917-3
  3. Latif, M., Pohlmann, H. and Park, W. (2006) Predictability of the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation. In: “Predictability of Weather and Climate“, edited by T. N. Palmer and R. Hagedorn, pp. 342-364, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-84882-2