Sun-Seon Lee

Associate Researcher


Phone: +82-51-510-7692

Research interests

  • Past-to-future climate modeling
  • Transient paleoclimate simulations
  • Dynamics of past climate variability


2010 Ph.D. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
2006 M. S. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
2004 B. S. Division of Earth Environmental System, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea (Teaching certificate in earth science)

Work Experience

2017 Present Assistant Research Fellow, IBS Center for Climate Physics (ICCP)
2013 2017 Postdoctoral Fellow, International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa
2012 2013 Research Fellow, Pusan National University
2010 2012 Assistant Researcher, Institute of Environmental Studies, Pusan National University
2011 2012 Teaching Human life and Meteorology and Synoptic Meteorology, Pusan National University


  1. Eui-Seok Chung, Seong-Joong Kim, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Ja Ha, Sang-Ki Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Lei Huang, 2022: Antarctic sea ice expansion and Southern Ocean cooling linked to tropical variability, Nature Climate Change, vol.12, 461-468, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01339-z
  2. Jennifer E. Kay, Patricia DeRepentigny, Marika M. Holland, David A. Bailey, Alice K. DuVivier, Ed Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, Clara Deser, Alexandra Jahn, Hansi Singh, Madison M. Smith, Melinda A. Webster, Jim Edwards, Sun-Seon Lee, Keith B. Rodgers, and Nan Rosenbloom, 2022: Less Surface Sea Ice Melt in the CESM2 Improves Arctic Sea Ice Simulation With Minimal Non-Polar Climate Impacts, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol. 14, 4, e2021MS002679, doi: 10.1029/2021MS002679
  3. Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Nan Rosenbloom, Axel Timmermann, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Clara Deser, Jim Edwards, Ji-Eun Kim, Isla R. Simpson, Karl Stein, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Tamas Bodai, Eui-Seok Chung, Lei Huang, Who M. Kim, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Danica L. Lombardozzi, William R. Wider, and Stephen G. Yeager, 2021: Ubiquity of human-induced changes in climate variability, Earth System Dynamics, vol.12, 4, pp. 1393-1411, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-1393-2021
  4. Christian Wengel, Sun-Seon Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Jung-Eun Chu, Fabian Schloesser, 2021: Future high-resolution El Niño/Southern Oscillation dynamics, nature climate change, doi: 10.1038/s43017-021-00199-z
  5. Sun-Seon Lee, Jung-Eun Chu, Axel Timmermann, Eui-Seok Chung, June-Yi Lee, 2021: East Asian climate response to COVID-19 lockdown measures in China, Scientific Reports, 11, 16852, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-96007-1
  6. Lei Huang, Sun-Seon Lee, Axel Timmermann, 2021: Caspian Sea and Black Sea response to greenhouse warming in a high-resolution Global Climte Model, Geophysical Research Letters, 48(4), e2020GL090270, DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090270
  7. Jung-Eun Chu, Sun-Seon Lee, Axel Timmermann, Christian Wengel, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, 2020: Reduced tropical cyclone densities and ocean effects due to anthropogenic greenhouse warming, Science Advances, 6(51), eabd5109, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abd5109
  8. Christina Karamperidou, Malte F Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Sook Yun, Sun-Seon Lee, Fei‐Fei Jin, Agus Santoso, Michael J McPhaden, Wenju Cai, 2020: ENSO in a Changing Climate: Challenges, Paleo-Perspectives, and Outlook, El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate 253, 473, ISBN: 978-1-119-54812-6, DOI: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch21
  9. E. K. F. Chan, A. Timmermann, B. F. Baldi, A. E. Moore, R. J. Lyons, S.-S. Lee, A.M. F. Kalsbeek, D. C. Petersen, H. Rautenbach, H. E. A. Förtsch, M. S. Riana Bornman, V. M. Hayes, 2019: Human origins in a southern African palaeo-wetland and first migrations,  Nature, 575 (7781), 185-189, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1714-1
  10. J.-Y. Moon, B. Wang, S.-S. Lee, and K.-J. Ha, 2018: An Intraseasonal Genesis Potential Index for Tropical Cyclones during Northern Hemisphere Summer,Journal of Climate, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0515.1
  11. B. Wang, S.-S. Lee, D. E. Waliser, C. Zhang, A. Sobel, E. Maloney, T. Li, X. Jiang, & K.-J. Ha, 2018: Dynamics-Oriented Diagnostics for the Madden-Julian Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 31, 3117–3135, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0332.1
  12. B Wang, S.-S. Lee, 2017: MJO Propagation Shaped by Zonal Asymmetric Structures: Results from 24 GCM  Simulations, Journal of Climate, 30, 7933-7952, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0873.1
  13. Lee, S.-S., J.-Y. Moon, B. Wang, and H.-J. Kim, 2017: Sub-seasonal prediction of extreme precipitation over Asia: Boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation perspective. J. Climate, 30, 2849-2865. DOI:
  14. Lee, S.-S., and B. Wang, 2016: Regional boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation over Indian Ocean and Western Pacific: Comparison and predictability study. Clim. Dyn., 46, 2213-2229. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2698-7
  15. Lee, S.-S., B. Wang, D. E. Waliser, J. M. Neena, and J.-Y. Lee, 2015: Predictability and prediction skill of the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation in the Intraseasonal Variability Hindcast Experiment. Clim. Dyn., 45, 2123-2135. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2461-5
  16. Heo, K.-Y., K.-J. Ha, K.-S. Yun, S.-S. Lee, H.-J. Kim, and B. Wang, 2014: Methods for uncertainty assessment of climate models and model predictions over East Asia. Int. J. Climato., 34, 377-390. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3692
  17. Lee, J.-Y., S.-S. Lee, B. Wang, K.-J. Ha, and J.-G. Jhun, 2013: Seasonal prediction and predictability of the Asian winter temperature variability. Clim. Dyn., 41, 573-587. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1588-5
  18. Lee, S.-S., S.-H. Kim, J.-G. Jhun, K.-J. Ha, and Y.-W. Seo, 2013: Robust warming over East Asia during boreal winter monsoon and its possible causes. Env. Res. Lett., 8, 034001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034001
  19. Lee, S.-S., J.-Y. Lee, K.-J. Ha, B. Wang, A. Kitoh, Y. Kajikawa, and M. Abe, 2013: Role of the Tibetan Plateau on climatological annual variation of mean atmospheric circulation and storm track activity. J. Climate, 26, 5270-5286. DOI:
  20. Lee, S.-S., Y.-W. Seo, K.-J. Ha, and J.-G. Jhun, 2013: Impact of the western North Pacific subtropical high on the East Asian monsoon precipitation and the Indian Ocean precipitation in the boreal summertime. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 171-182. DOI: 10.1007/s13143-013-0018-x
  21. Ha, K.-J., K.-Y. Heo, S.-S. Lee, K.-S. Yun, and J.-G. Jhun, 2012: Variability in the East Asian Monsoon: a review. Meteoro. App., 19, 200-215. DOI: 10.1002/met.1320
  22. Heo, K.-Y., K.-J. Ha, and S.-S. Lee, 2012: Warming of western North Pacific Ocean and energetics of transient eddy activity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 2860-2873. DOI:
  23. Lee, S.-S., J.-Y. Lee, B. Wang, K.-J. Ha, K.-Y. Heo, F.-F. Jin, D. M. Straus, and J. Shukla, 2012: Interdecadal changes in the storm track activity and mean flow-eddy interaction over the North Pacific and the North Atlantic. Clim. Dyn., 39, 313-327. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1188-9
  24. Lee, S.-S., J.-Y. Lee, B. Wang, F.-F. Jin, W.-J. Lee, and K.-J. Ha, 2011: A comparison of climatological subseasonal variations in the wintertime storm track activity between the North Pacific and Atlantic: local energetics and moisture effect. Clim. Dyn., 37, 2455-2469. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1027-z
  25. Lee, S.-S., J.-Y. Lee, K.-J. Ha, B. Wang, and J. Schemm, 2011: Deficiencies and possibilities for long-lead coupled climate prediction of the Western North Pacific-East Asian summer monsoon. Clim. Dyn., 36, 1173-1188. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-010-0832-0
  26. Lee, S.-S., P. N. Vinayachandran, K.-J. Ha, and J.-G. Jhun, 2010: Shift of peak in summer monsoon rainfall over Korea and its association with ENSO. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D02111. DOI: 10.1029/2009JD011717
  27. Lee, S.-S., and K.-J. Ha, 2009: Eddy-mean flow interaction and its association with Bonin high: Comparison of July and August. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 483-498.
  28. Ha, K.-J., and S.-S. Lee, 2007: On the interannual variability of the Bonin high associated with the East Asian summer monsoon rain. Clim. Dyn., 28, 67-83. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-006-0169-x
  29. Um, H.-H., K.-J. Ha, and S.-S. Lee, 2007: Evaluation of the urban effect of long-term relative humidity and the separation of temperature and water vapor effects. Int. J. Climato., 27, 1531-1542. DOI: 10.1002/joc.1483