Eun Young Kwon

Associate Researcher, Project Leader


Phone: +82-51-510-7632

Research Interests

  • Ocean biogeochemistry modeling
  • Ocean dynamics
  • Climate-marine ecosystem feedbacks
  • Data analysis
  • Data assimilation
  • Inverse modeling
  • Global carbon cycle
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Paleoceanography


2008 Ph.D. Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, USA
2004 M.S. Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, USA
2000 B.S. Department of Earth Sciences Education, Seoul National University, Korea

Work Experience

2013 2017 Assistant Research Professor, Research Institute of Oceanography, Seoul National University, Korea.
2011 2013 Postdoctoral Research Scholar, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
2010 2011 Associate Research Scholar, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Princeton University, USA.
2008 2010 Postdoctoral Research Associate, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Princeton University, USA.

Fellowships, Awards, and Honors

2016 NRF (National Research Foundation of Korea) grant: Study of oceanic biogeochemical cycling using models combined with observations, PI, 2016.11 – 2021.10
2013 NRF (National Research Foundation of Korea) grant: Changes in North Pacific Ocean ventilation and dissolved oxygen cycles for the past half-century, PI, 2013.11 – 2016.10
2010 NSF (US National Science Foundation) grant: Does the strength of the carbonate pump change with ocean stratification and acidification and how? Sarmiento (PI) and Kwon (Co-PI), Dunne and Toggweiler (unfunded Co-PIs), 2010.11 – 2013.10
2008 Outstanding student poster award at Ocean Sciences Meeting
2006 Outstanding presentation at the ESS/IGPP Symposium, award by Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) and department of Earth System Science (ESS)
2004 Excellence in research, award by Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP)
2002 Korean Government Graduate Scholarship
2000 Brain Korea 21 research fellowship
1997 Eun Sung Foundation scholarship
1995 Merit-based partial scholarship, award by Seoul National University
1995 First class full scholarship, award by Seoul National University


  1. Jeongmin Yun, Sujong Jeong, Nicolas Gruber, Luke Gregor, Chang-Hoi Ho, Shilong Piao, Philippe Ciais, David Schimel, Eun Young Kwon, (2022): Enhance seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO2 by the changing Southern Ocean carbon sink, Science Advances, vol. 8, 41, article eabq0220, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abq0220
  2. Eun Young Kwon, Mark Holzer, Axel Timmermann, François Primeau (2022): Estimating Three-Dimensional Carbon-to-Phosphorus Stoichiometry of Exported Marine Organic Matter, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.36, 3, e2021GB007154, doi: 10.1029/2021GB007154
  3. Eun Young Kwon, Axel Timmermann, Brett J. Tipple, Andreas Schmittner (2022): Projected Reversal of Oceanic Stable Carbon Isotope Ratio Depth Gradient with Continued Anthropogenic Carbon Emissions, Communications Earth & Environment, vol. 3, article number 62, doi: 10.1038/s43247-022-00388-8
  4. M. Holzer, E. Y. Kwon, and B. Pasquier (2021): A new metric of the biological carbon pump: number of pump passages and its control on atmospheric pCO2, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 35, 6, e2020GB006863, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006863
  5. E. Y. Kwon, T. DeVries, E. Galbraith, J. Hwang, G. Kim, A. Timmermann (2021): Stable Carbon Isotopes Suggest Large Terrestrial Carbon Inputs to the Global Ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 35, 4, e2020GB006684, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006684, Media interview: Plants, groundwater move more carbon from land to oceans than expected
  6. K. Stein, A. Timmermann, E. Y. Kwon, and T. Friedrich (2020): Timing and magnitude of Southern Ocean sea ice/carbon cycle feedbacks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117 (9), 4498-4504, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1908670117
  7. H.‐M. Cho , G. Kim , E. Y. Kwon, and Y. Han (2019): Radium Tracing Cross‐Shelf Fluxes of Nutrients in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 20, 11321-11328, doi: 10.1029/2019GL084594
  8. L. Polimene, R. B. Rivkin, Y.-W. Luo, E. Y. Kwon, M. Gehlen, M. A Pena, N. Wang, Y. Liang, H. Kaartokallio, and N. Jiao (2018): Modelling marine DOC degradation time scales, National Science Review 5, 4, 468-474, doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwy066
  9. H.M. Cho, G. Kim, E. Y. Kwon, N. Moosdorf, J. Garcia-Orellana, and I. R. Santos (2018): Radium tracing nutrient inputs through submarine groundwater discharge in the global ocean, Scientific Reports, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-20806-2
  10. E. Y. Kwon, Y. H. Kim, Y.-G. Park, Y.-H. Park, J. Dunne, and K.-I. Chang (2016): Multidecadal wind-driven shifts in northwest Pacific temperature, salinity, O2, and PO4, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, doi: 10.1002/2016GB005442.
  11. M. A. Charette, P. J. Lam, M. C. Lohan, E. Y. Kwon, V. Hatje, C. Jeandel, A. M. Shiller, G. A. Cutter, A. Thomas, P. W. Boyd, W. B. Homoky, A. Milne, H. Thomas, P. S. Andersson, D. Porcelli, T. Tanaka, W. Geibert, F. Dehairs, and J. Garcia-Orellana (2016): Coastal ocean and shelf-sea biogeochemical cycling of trace elements and isotopes: lessons learned from GEOTRACES, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 374, 20160076, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2016.0076
  12. E. Y. Kwon, C. Deutsch, S.-P. Xie, S. Schmidtko, and Y.-K. Cho (2016): The North Pacific oxygen uptake rates over the past half-century, Journal of Climate, 29, 61-76, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00157.1
  13. E. D. Galbraith, E. Y. Kwon, D. Bianchi, M. Hain, and J. L. Sarmiento (2015): The impact of atmospheric pCO2 on carbon isotope ratios of the atmosphere and ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 307-324, doi: 10.1002/2014GB004929
  14. E. Y. Kwon, G.-B. Kim, F. Primeau, B. Moore, H. Cho, T. DeVries, J. L. Sarmiento and M. Charette, and Y.-K. Cho (2014): Global estimate of submarine groundwater discharge based on an observationally constrained radium isotope model, Geophysical Research Letter, 41, 8438–8444, doi: 10.1002/2014GL061574
  15. E. Y. Kwon and Y.-K. Cho (2013): The impact of the oceanic biological pump on atmospheric CO2 and its link to climate change, “The Sea” Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography, 18, 266-276, doi: 10.7850/jkso.2013.18.4.266 (written in Korean).
  16. E. Y. Kwon (2013): Temporal variability of transformation, formation and subduction rates of upper Southern Ocean waters, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 118, 6285-6302, doi: 10.1002/2013JC008823
  17. E. Y. Kwon and E. D. Galbraith (2013): Palaeoclimate: When the dust settles, Nature Geoscience, 6, 423-424, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1838 (Invited contribution, not peer-reviewed)
  18. E. Y. Kwon, S. M. Downes, J. L. Sarmiento, R. Farneti, and C. Deutsch (2013): Role of the seasonal cycle in the subduction rates of upper Southern Ocean waters, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1096-1113, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-060.1
  19. E. Y. Kwon, M. Hain, D. Sigman, E. Galbraith, J. Sarmiento, and R. Toggweiler (2012): North Atlantic ventilation of “southern-sourced” deep water in the glacial ocean, Paleoceanography, 27, PA2208, doi:10.1029/2011PA002211.
  20. E. Y. Kwon, J. Sarmiento, J. R. Toggweiler, T. DeVries (2011): The control of atmospheric CO2 by ocean ventilation change: The effect of the oceanic storage of biogenic carbon, Global Biogeochmeical Cycles, 25, GB3026, doi: 10.1029/2011GB004059.
  21. Galbraith, E., E. Y. Kwon, A. Gnanadesikan, K. B. Rogers, S. Griffies, D. Blanchi, J. Sarmiento, J. Dunne, J. Simeon, R. D. Slater, A. Wittenberg, and I. Held (2011): Climate variability and radiocarbon in the CM2Mc earth system model, Journal of Climate, 24, 4230–4254, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3919.1
  22. E. Y. Kwon, F. Primeau, and J. L. Sarmiento (2009): The impact of remineralization depth on the air-sea carbon balance, Nature Geoscience, 2, 630-635, doi: 10.1038/ngeo612
  23. E. Y. Kwon (2008): Optimization and sensitivity analysis of a global ocean biogeochemistry model, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Irvine.
  24. E. Y. Kwon and F. Primeau (2008): Optimization and sensitivity of a global biogeochemistry ocean model using combined in situ DIC, alkalinity, and phosphate data, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 113, C08011, doi:10.1029/2007JC004520
  25. E. Y. Kwon and F. Primeau (2006): Optimization and sensitivity study of a biogeochemistry ocean model using an implicit solver and in-situ phosphate data, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB4009, doi:10.1029/2005GB002631.
  26. Zender, C. S. and E. Y. Kwon (2005): Regional contrasts in dust emission responses to climate, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, D13201, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005501
  27. E. Y. Kwon, S. E. Park, W-M. Moon, and K.-K. Lee (2002): Estimation of soil moisture content from L-and P-band AirSAR data: A case study in Jeju, Korea, Geosciences Journal, 6, 331-339, doi: 10.1007/BF03020617