Axel Timmermann

Axel Timmermann

Director & Distinguished Professor


Phone: +82-51-510-2890

Research Interests

  • El Niño
  • Human migration and climate
  • Climate/carbon cycle interactions
  • Glacial Dynamics
  • Abrupt Climate Change
  • Sea level rise
  • Ice-sheet instabilities
  • Climate Predictability


1999 Ph.D. Meteorology. University of Hamburg, Germany
1995 M.S. Theoretical Physics. University of Marburg, Germany
1992 B.S. Physics. University of Marburg, Germany

Work Experience

2017 Director of the IBS Center for Climate Physics, Pusan National University
2017 Distinguished Professor, Pusan National University
2009 2016 Full Professor in Physical Oceanography, University of Hawaii
2004 2009 Associate Professor in Physical Oceanography, University of Hawaii
2001 2004 Associate Researcher, IfM-GEOMAR, University of Kiel, Germany
2000 2001 Postdoc, International Pacific Research Center, Hawaii, USA
1998 2000 Postdoc, Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute, the Netherlands
1995 1998 Research Assistant, Max Planck Institute of Meteorology, Hamburg

Fellowships, Awards, and Honors

2021 Highly Cited Researcher (Environment and Ecology) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2020 Highly Cited Researcher (Environment and Ecology) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2019 Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-Field) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2018 Scientist of the Year by the Korean Science Journalist Association
2018 Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-Field) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2017 Milankovic Medal of the European Geosciences Union
2015 Elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union
2015 University of Hawaii, Regents' Medal for Excellence in Research
2007 Rosenstiel Award of the Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS), Miami


  1. A low-order dynamical model for fire-vegetation-climate interactions, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann, Jin-Soo Kim, Roman Olson, Soon-Il An, Environmental Research Letters, vol. 17, 9, 094004, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac8696, 2022
  2. Dynamics and characteristics of dry and moist heatwaves over East Asia, Kyung-Ja Ha, Ye-Won Seo, Ji-Hye Yeo, Axel Timmermann, Eui-Seok Chung, Christian L.E. Franzke, Johnny C.L. Chan, Sang-Wook Yeh, Mingling Ting, npj climate and atmospheric science, vol. 5, article 49, doi: 10.1038/s41612-022-00272-4, 2022
  3. Trophic level decoupling drives future changes in phytoplankton bloom phenology, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann, Karl J. Stein, Sarah  Schlunegger, Daniele Bianchi, John P. Dunne, and Richard Slater, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, pp. 469-476, doi: 10.1038/s41558-022-01353-1, 2022
  4. Future Amplification of Sea Surface Temperature Seasonality Due to Enhanced Ocean Stratification, Anila Rani Jo, June-Yi Lee, Axel Timmermann, Fei-Fei Jin, Ryohei Yamaguchi, and Angeles Gallego, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 49, 9, e2022GL098607, DOI: 10.1029/2022GL098607, 2022
  5. Antarctic sea ice expansion and Southern Ocean cooling linked to tropical variability, Eui-Seok Chung, Seong-Joong Kim, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Ja Ha, Sang-Ki Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Lei Huang, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, pp. 461-468, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01339-z, 2022
  6. Climate effects on archaic human habitats and species successions, Axel Timmermann, Kyungsook Yun, Pasquale Raia, Jiaoyang Ruan, Alessandro Montanaro, Elke Zeller, Christoph Zollikofer, Marcia Ponce de León, Danielle Lemmon, Matteo Willeit, Andrey Ganopolski, Nature, vol. 604, pp. 495-501 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04600-9, 2022
  7. Estimating Three-Dimensional Carbon-to-Phosphorus Stoichiometry of Exported Marine Organic Matter, Eun Young Kwon, Mark Holzer, Axel Timmermann, François Primeau, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.36, 3, e2021GB007154, doi: 10.1029/2021GB007154, 2022
  8. Projected Reversal of Oceanic Stable Carbon Isotope Ratio Depth Gradient with Continued Anthropogenic Carbon Emissions, Eun Young Kwon, Axel Timmermann, Brett J. Tipple, Andreas Schmittner, Communications Earth & Environment, vol. 3, article number 62, DOI: 10.1038/s43247-022-00388-8, 2022
  9. Emergence of climate change in the tropical Pacific, Jun Ying, Matthew Collins, Wenju Cai, Axel Timmermann, Ping Huang, Dake Chen and Karl Stein, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, 356-364, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01301-z, 2022
  10. Exploring Late Pleistocene hominid dispersals, coexistence and extinction with agent-based multi-factor models, Ali R. Vahdati, John David Weissmann, Axel Timmermann, Marcia Ponce de León, Christoph P.E. Zollikofer, Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 279, article number 107391, DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2022.107391, 2022
  11. Ubiquity of human-induced changes in climate variability, Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Nan Rosenbloom, Axel Timmermann, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Clara Deser, Jim Edwards, Ji-Eun Kim, Isla R. Simpson, Karl Stein, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Tamas Bodai, Eui-Seok Chung, Lei Huang, Who M. Kim, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Danica L. Lombardozzi, William R. Wider, and Stephen G. Yeager. Earth System Dynamics, vol.12, 4, pp. 1393-1411, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-1393-2021, 2021
  12. Roles of insolation forcing and CO2 forcing on Late Pleistocene seasonal sea surface temperatures, Kyung Eun Lee, Steven Clemens, Yoshimi Kubota, Axel Timmermann, Ann Holbourn, Sang-Wook Yeh, Si Woong Bae, and Tae Wook Ko, Nature Communications, vol.12, 5742, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-26051-y
  13. Future high-resolution El Niño/Southern Oscillation dynamics, Christian Wengel, Sun-Seon Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Jung-Eun Chu, Fabian Schloesser, nature climate change, vol.11, 9, 758-765, DOI: 10.1038/s43017-021-00199-z, 2021
  14. East Asian climate response to COVID-19 lockdown measures in China, Sun-Seon Lee, Jung-Eun Chu, Axel Timmermann, Eui-Seok Chung, June-Yi Lee, Scientific Reports, vol. 11: 16852, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-96007-1, 2021
  15. Changing El-Niño-Southern Oscillation in a warming climate, Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Matthew Collins, Boris Dewitte, Christina Karamperidou, Jong-Seong Kug, Matthieu Lengaigne, Michael McPhaden, Malte Stuecker, Andrea Taschetto, Axel Timmermann, Lixin Wu, Sang-Wook Yeh, Guojian Wang, Benjamin Ng, Fan Jia, Yun Yang, Jun Ying, Xiao-Tong Zheng, Tobias Bayr, Josephine Brown, Antonietta Capotondi, Kim Cobb, Bolan Gan, Tao Geng, Yoo-Geun Ham, Fei-Fei Jin, Hyun-Su Jo, Xichen Li, Xiaopei Lin, Shayne McGregor, Jae-Heung Park, Karl Stein, Kai Yang, Li Zhang, and Wenxiu Zhong, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, DOI: 10.1038/s43017-021-00199-z, 2021
  16. Spurious North Tropical Atlantic precursors to El Niño, Wenjun Zhang, Feng Jiang, Malte F. Stuecker, Fei-Fei Jin, Axel Timmermann, Nature Communications, vol. 12: 3096, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-23411-6, 2021
  17. Tropical Indo-Pacific SST influences on vegetation variability in eastern Africa, In-Won Kim, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Elke Zeller, Jong-Seong Kug, So-Won Park, and Jin-Soo Kim, Scientific Reports, vol.11: 10462, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-89824-x, 2021
  18. Long-term demise of sub-Antarctic glaciers modulated by the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies, Jostein Bakke, Øyvind Paasche, Joerg Schaefer, Axel Timmermann, Scientific Reports, vol.11: 8361, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87317-5, 2021
  19. Stable Carbon Isotopes Suggest Large Terrestrial Carbon Inputs to the Global Ocean, Eun Young Kwon, Tim DeVries, Eric Galbraith, Jeomshik Hwang, Guebuem Kim, Axel Timmermann, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, e2020GB006684, DOI: 10.1029/2020GB006684, 2021
  20. Increasing ENSO-rainfall variability due to changes in future tropical temperature-rainfall relationship, Kyung-Sook Yun, June-Yi Lee, Axel Timmermann, Karl Stein, Malte F. Stuecker, John C. Fyfe, Eui-Seok Chung, Communications earth & environment, 2, article number 43, doi: 10.1038/s43247-021-00108-8, 2021
  21. Caspian Sea and Black Sea response to greenhouse warming in a high-resolution Global Climte Model, Lei Huang, Sun-Seon Lee, Axel Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters, 48(4), e2020GL090270, doi: 10.1029/2020GL090270, 2021
  22. Synchronized spatial shifts of Hadley and Walker circulations, Kyung-Sook Yun, Axel Timmermann, and Malte F. Stuecker, Earth System Dynamics, 12(1), 121-132, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-121-2021, 2021
  23. Cold-Season Arctic Amplification Driven by Arctic Ocean-Mediated Seasonal Energy Transfer, Euiseok Chung, Kyung-Ja Ha, Axel Timmermann, Malte F. Stuecker, Tamas Bodai, and Sangki Lee, Earth’s Future, 9(2), e2020EF001898. doi: 10.1029/2020EF001898, 2021
  24. Drivers of river reactivation in North Africa during the last glacial cycle, Cécile L. Blanchet, Anne H. Osborne, Rik Tjallingii, Werner Ehrmann, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Warner Brückmann and Martin Frank, Nature geoscience, 14(2), 97-103, doi: 10.1038/s41561-020-00671-3, 2021
  25. Reduced tropical cyclone densities and ocean effects due to anthropogenic greenhouse warming, Jung-Eun Chu, Sun-Seon Lee, Axel Timmermann, Christian Wengel, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Science Advances, 6(51), eabd5109, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abd5109, 2020
  26. ENSO in a Changing Climate: Challenges, Paleo-Perspectives, and Outlook, Christina Karamperidou, Malte F Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Sook Yun, Sun-Seon Lee, Fei‐Fei Jin, Agus Santoso, Michael J McPhaden, Wenju Cai, El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate 253, 473, ISBN: 978-1-119-54812-6, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch21, 2020
  27. ENSO Response to Greenhouse Forcing, Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Guojian Wang, Lixin Wu, Mat Collins, Matthieu Lengaigne, Scott Power, Axel Timmermann, El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate 253, 289, ISBN: 978-1-119-54812-6, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch13, 2020
  28. A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability, Roman Olson, Axel Timmermann, June-Yi Lee, Soon-Il An, Climate Dynamics, 56(1-2), 399-422, doi: 10.1007/s00382-020-05479-w, 2020
  29. Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann, Scientific Reports, 10, 16283, doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-73449-7, 2020
  30. Atmospheric nitrous oxide variations on centennial time scales during the past two millennia, Y. Ryu, J. Ahn, J.‐W. Yang, E. J. Brook, A. Timmermann, T. Blunier, S. Hur, S.‐J. Kim, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34(9), e2020GB006568, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006568, 2020
  31. Simulating Marine Isotope Stage 7 with a coupled climate-ice sheet model, Dipayan Choudhury, Axel Timmermann, Fabian Schloesser, Malte Heinemann, David Pollard, Climate of the Past, doi: 10.5194/cp-2020-46, 2020
  32. Anthropogenic intensification of surface ocean interannual pCO2 variability, Angeles Gallego, Axel Timmermann, Tobias Friedrich, Richard E. Zeebe, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (13), e2020GL087104, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087104, 2020
  33. Quantifying the potential causes of Neanderthal extinction: abrupt climate change versus competition and interbreeding, Axel Timmermann, Quaternary Science Reviews, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106331, 2020
  34. Future changes of summer monsoon characteristics and evaporative demand over Asia in CMIP6 simulations, Kyung‐Ja Ha, Suyeon Moon, Axel Timmermann, Daeha Kim, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (8), e2020GL087492, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087492, 2020
  35. Timing and magnitude of Southern Ocean sea ice/carbon cycle feedbacks, Karl Stein, Axel Timmermann, Eun Young Kwon, Tobias Friedrich, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117 (9), 4498-4504, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1908670117, 2020
  36. Using Late Pleistocene sea surface temperature reconstructions to constrain future greenhouse warming, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 530, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115911, 2020
  37. Strong remote control of future equatorial warming by off-equatorial forcing, Malte F Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Fei-Fei Jin, Cristian Proistosescu, Sarah M. Kang, Doyeon Kim, Kyung-Sook Yun, Eui-Seok Chung, Jung-Eun Chu, Cecilia M. Bitz, Kyle C. Armour, Michiya Hayashi, Nature Climate Change, 10, 124-129, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0667-6, 2020
  38. Climate-human interaction associated with southeast Australian megafauna extinction patterns, Frédérik Saltré, Joël Chadoeuf, Katharina J. Peters, Matthew C. McDowell, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Sean Ulm & Corey J. A. Bradshaw, Nature Communications, 10, 5311, doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13277-0, 2019
  39. Human origins in a southern African palaeo-wetland and first migrations, Eva K. F. Chan, Axel Timmermann, Benedetta F. Baldi, Andy E. Moore, Ruth J. Lyons, Sun-Seon Lee, Anton M. F. Kalsbeek, Desiree C. Petersen, Hannes Rautenbach, Hagen E. A. Förtsch, M. S. Riana Bornman, Vanessa M. Hayes, Nature, 575 (7781), 185-159, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1714-1, 2019
  40. Nonlinear response of the Antarctic Ice Sheet to late Quaternary sea level and climate forcing, Michelle Tigchelaar, Axel Timmermann, Tobias Friedrich, Malte Heinemann, David Pollard, The Cryosphere, doi: 10.5194/tc-13-2615-2019, 2019
  41. Mediterranean winter rainfall in phase with African monsoons during the past 1.36 million years, Bernd Wagner, Hendrik Vogel, Alexander Francke, Tobias Friedrich, Timme Donders, Jack H. Lacey, Melanie J. Leng, Eleonora Regattieri, Laura Sadori, Thomas Wilke, Giovanni Zanchetta, Christian Albrecht, Adele Bertini, Nathalie Combourieu-Nebout, Aleksandra Cvetkoska, Biagio Giaccio, Andon Grazhdani, Torsten Hauffe, Jens Holtvoeth, Sebastien Joannin, Elena Jovanovska, Janna Just, Katerina Kouli, Ilias Kousis, Andreas Koutsodendris, Sebastian Krastel, Markus Lagos, Niklas Leicher, Zlatko Levkov, Katja Lindhorst, Alessia Masi, Martin Melles, Anna M. Mercuri, Sebastien Nomade, Norbert Nowaczyk, Konstantinos Panagiotopoulos, Odile Peyron, Jane M. Reed, Leonardo Sagnotti, Gaia Sinopoli, Björn Stelbrink, Roberto Sulpizio, Axel Timmermann, Slavica Tofilovska, Paola Torri, Friederike Wagner-Cremer, Thomas Wonik, Xiaosen Zhang, Nature, 573 (7773), 256-260, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1529-0, 2019
  42. Drivers of Late Pleistocene human survival and dispersal: an agent-based modeling and machine learning approach, Ali R. Vahdati, John David Weissmann, Axel Timmermann, Marcia S.Ponce de León, Christoph P.E.Zollikofer, Quaternary Science Reviews, 221, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105867, 2019
  43. North American April tornado occurrences linked to global sea surface temperature anomalies, Jung-Eun Chu, Axel Timmermann, June-Yi Lee, Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw9950, 2019
  44. Antarctic iceberg impacts on future Southern Hemisphere Climate, Fabian Schloesser, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Robert M. DeConto, David Pollard, Nature Climate Change, 9(9), 672-677, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0546-1, 2019
  45. A drift-free decadal climate prediction system for the Community Earth System Model, Yoshimitsu Chikamoto, Axel Timmermann, Matthew J. Widlansky, Shaoqing Zhang, Magdalena A. Balmaseda, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0788.1, 2019
  46. Saharan green corridors and Middle Pleistocene hominin dispersals across the Eastern Desert, Sudan, M. Masojć, A. Nassr, J. Y. Kim, J. Krupa-Kurzynowska, Y. K. Sohn, M. Szmit, J. C. Kim, J. S. Kim, H. W. Choi, M. Wieczorek, A. Timmermann, Journal of Human Evolution, 130, 141-150, doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.01.004, 2019
  47. Calibration uncertainties of tropical Pacific climate reconstructions over the Last Millennium, K.-S. Yun, A. Timmermann, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0524.1, 2019
  48. Reconciling opposing Walker circulation trends in observations and model projections, E.-S. Chung, A. Timmermann, B. J. Soden, K.-J. Ha, L, Shi, V, O. John, Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0446-4, 2019
  49. Sea ice variability in the southern Norwegian Sea during glacial Dansgaard-Oeschger climate cycles, H. Sadatzki, T. M. Dokken, S. M. P. Berben, F. Muschitiello, R. Stein, K. Fahl, L. Menviel, A. Timmermann, E. Jansen, Science Advances, 5(3), doi:10.1126/sciadv.aau6174, 2019
  50. Glacial changes in tropical climate amplified by the Indian Ocean, P. N. DiNezio, J. E. Tierney, B. L. Otto-Bliesner, A. Timmermann, T. Bhattacharya, N. Rosenbloom, E. Brady, Science Advances, 4(12), doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9658, 2018
  51. Drivers of future seasonal cycle changes in oceanic pCO2, M. A Gallego, A Timmermann, T Friedrich, R E. Zeebe, Biogeosciences, 15, 5315-5327, doi: 10.5194/bg-15-5315-2018, 2018
  52. Disentangling Impacts of Dynamic and Thermodynamic Components on Late Summer Rainfall Anomalies in East Asia, H Oh, K.-J Ha, A Timmermann, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,  0(0), 1-11, doi: 10.1029/2018JD028652, 2018
  53. El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity, A Timmermann, S-I An, J-S Kug, F-F Jin, W Cai, A Capotondi, K Cobb, M Lengaigne, M J. McPhaden, M F. Stuecker, K Stein, A T. Wittenberg, K-S Yun, T Bayr, H-C Chen, Y Chikamoto, B Dewitte, D Dommenget, P Grothe, E Guilyardi, Y-G Ham, M Hayashi, S Ineson, D Kang, S Kim, WM Kim, J-Y Lee, T Li, J-J Luo, S McGregor, Y Planton, S Power, H Rashid, H-L Ren, A Santoso, K Takahashi, A Todd, G Wang, G Wang, R Xie, W-H Yang, S-W Yeh, J Yoon, E Zeller, X Zhang, Nature, 559, 535-545, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6, 2018
  54. Did our species evolve in subdivided populations across Africa, and why does it matter?, E M.L. Scerri, M G. Thomas, A Manica, P Gunz, J T. Stock, C Stringer, M Grove, H S. Groucutt, A Timmermann, G. P Rightmire, F d’Errico, C A. Tryon, N A. Drake, A S. Brooks, R W. Dennell, R W. Dennell, R Durbin, B M. Henn, J L-Thorp, P deMenocal, M D. Petraglia, J C. Thompson, A Scally, L Chikhi, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.05.005, 2018
  55. Local insolation changes enhance Antarctic interglacials: Insights from an 800,000-year ice sheet simulation with transient climate forcing, M Tigchelaar, A Timmermann, D Pollard, T Friedrich, M Heinemann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 495, 69-78, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.05.004, 2018
  56. Precession and atmospheric CO2 modulated variability of sea ice in the central Okhotsk Sea since 130,000 years ago, L Lo, S T. Belt, J Lattaud, T Friedrich, C Zeeden, S Schouten, L Smik, A Timmermann, P Cabedo-Sanz, J-J Huang, L Zhou, T-H Ou, Y-P Chang, L-C Wang, Y-M Chou, C-C Shen, M-T Chen, K-Y Wei, S-R Song, T-H Fang, S A. Gorbarenko, W-L Wang, T-Q Lee, H Elderfield, D A. Hodell, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.005, 2018
  57. Decadal Monsoon-ENSO relationships re-examined, KS Yun, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (4), doi: 10.1002/2017GL076912, 2018
  58. (Un)predictability of strong El Niño events, J Guckenheimer, A Timmermann, H Dijkstra, A Roberts, Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System, doi: 10.1093/climsys/dzx004, 2017
  59. Multi-year predictability of climate, drought, and wildfire in southwestern North America, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, M Widlansky, MA Balmaseda, L Stott, Scientific Reports, 7, 6568, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-06869-7, 2017
  60. Revisiting ENSO/Indian Ocean Dipole phase relationships, M Stuecker, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Y Chikamoto, W Zhang, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2016GL072308, 2017
  61. Nonlinear climate sensitivity and its implications for future greenhouse warming, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, M Tigchelaar, O Elison Timm, A Ganopolski, Science Advances, 2 (11), doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501923, 2016
  62. Unraveling El Niño’s impact on the East Asian Monsoon and Yangtze River summer flooding, W Zhang, FF Jin, MF Stuecker, AT Wittenberg, A Timmermann, HL Ren, Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (21), doi 10.1002/2016GL071190, 2016
  63. Tropical Pacific SST drivers of recent Antarctic sea ice trends, A Purich, M England, W Cai, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, J Fyfe, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175 JCLI-D-16, 2016
  64. Strong middepth warming and weak radiocarbon imprints in the equatorial Atlantic during Heinrich 1 and Younger Dryas, S Weldeab, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, R Schneider Paleoceanography 31, doi: 10.1002/2016PA002957, 2016
  65. Potential tropical Atlantic impacts on Pacific decadal climate trends, Y Chikamoto, T Mochizuki, A Timmermann, M Kimoto, M Watanabe, Geophysical Research Letters 43, 10.1002/2016GL069544, 2016
  66. The climate response of the Indo‐Pacific warm pool to glacial sea level, PN Di Nezio, A Timmermann, JE Tierney, FF Jin, B Otto‐Bliesner, Paleoceanography, doi: 10.1002/2015PA002890, 2016
  67. Reply to “Comments on Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone”, MF Stuecker, FF Jin, A Timmermann, S McGregor J. Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0558, 2016
  68. Late Pleistocene climate drivers of early human migration A Timmermann, To. Friedrich, Nature, 538 (92-95), doi: 10.1038/nature19365, 2016
  69. Mixed-Mode Oscillations of El Niño–Southern Oscillation A Roberts, J Guckenheimer, E Widiasih, A Timmermann, CKRT Jones Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73, 1755-1766, 2016
  70. Volcanic eruptions boost tropical Pacific biological productivity MO Chikamoto, A Timmermann, M Yoshimori, L F., A Laurian, Geophysical Research Letter 43, 10.1002/2015GL067359, 2016
  71. Millennial to orbital-scale variations of drought intensity in the Eastern Mediterranean M Stockhecke, A Timmermann, R Kipfer, GH Haug, O Kwiecien Quaternary Science Reviews 133, 77-95, 2016
  72. Mechanisms and predictability of multiyear ecosystem variability in the North Pacific, M.O. Chikamoto, A. Timmermann, Y. Chikamoto, H. Tokinaga, N. Harada, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(11), 2001-2019, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005096, 2015
  73. Charging El Niño with off-equatorial westerly wind events S McGregor, A Timmermann, FF Jin, WS Kessler Climate Dynamics 45, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2891-8, 2015
  74. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation frequency cascade, MF Stuecker F -F Jin, and A Timmermann, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112, doi:10.1073/pnas.1508622112 2015
  75. Abrupt onset and prolongation of aragonite undersaturation events in the Southern Ocean, C Hauri, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, Nature Climate Change, 5, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2844, 2015
  76. Future extreme sea level seesaws in the tropical Pacific, M Widlansky, A Timmermann, W Cai, Science Advances, 1 (8), doi:10.1126/sciadv.1500560,  2015
  77. An Atlantic-Pacific ventilation seesaw across the last deglaciation, E Freeman, LC Skinner, A Tisserand, T Dokken, A Timmermann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 424, 237-244, 2015
  78. Skilful multi-year predictions of tropical trans-basin climate variability, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, JJ Luo, T Mochizuki, M Kimoto, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/ncomms7869, 2015
  79.  The response of ENSO flavors to mid-Holocene climate: Implications for proxy interpretation, C Karamperidou, PM Di Nezio, A Timmermann, FF Jin, KM Cobb, Paleoceanography, 30, doi, 10.1002/2014PA002742, 2015
  80.  Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone, MF Stuecker, FF Jin, A Timmermann, S McGregor, Journal of Climate 28 (3), 1093-1111, 3, 2015
  81. Decadal predictability of soil water, vegetation, and wildfire frequency over North America, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, S Stevenson, P DiNezio, S Langford, Climate Dynamics, 5, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2469-5, 2015
  82. Abrupt changes in the southern extent of North Atlantic DeepWater during Dansgaard-Oeschger events, J Gottschalk, LC Skinner, S Misra, C Waelbroeck, L Menviel, A. Timmermann, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo2558, 2015
  83. Mechanisms rectifying the annual mean response of tropical Atlantic rainfall to precessional forcing, M Tigchelaar, A Timmermann, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2835-3, 2015
  84. Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation (TBO) indistinguishable from white noise, M Stuecker, A Timmermann, J Yoon, FF Jin, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL065878, 2015
  85. ENSO and greenhouse warming, Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Guojian Wang, Sang-Wook Yeh, Soon-Il An, Kim M. Cobb, Mat Collins, Eric Guilyardi, Fei-Fei Jin, Jong-Seong Kug, Matthieu Lengaigne, Michael J. McPhaden, Ken Takahashi, Axel Timmermann, Gabriel Vecchi, Masahiro Watanabe, Lixin Wu, Nature Climate Change 5, 849-859, 2015
  86. Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming, W Cai, G Wang, A Santoso, MJ McPhaden, L Wu, FF Jin, A Timmermann, M Collins, G Vecchi, M Lengaigne, MH England, D Dommenget, K Takahashi and E Guilyardi, Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2492, 2014
  87. The Holocene temperature conundrum, Z Liu, J Zhu, Y Rosenthal, X Zhang, BL Otto-Bliesner, A Timmermann, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (34), E3501-E3505, 2014
  88. Evolution and Forcing Mechanisms of El Niño over the Last 21,000, Z Liu, Z Lu, X Wen, BL Otto-Bliesner, A Timmermann, K. M. Cobb, Nature, 515, 550-553, 2014.
  89. Millennial-scale Atlantic/East Pacific sea surface temperature linkages during the last 100,000 years, N Dubois, M Kienast, SS Kienast, A Timmermann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 396, 134-142, 2014
  90. Assessing divergent SST behavior during the last 21 ka derived from alkenones and G. ruber Mg/Ca in the Equatorial Pacific, A Timmermann, J Sachs, O Elison Timm, Paleoceanography, DOI: 10.1002/2013PA002598, 2014
  91. Millennial-scale variability in Antarctic ice-sheet discharge during the last deglaciation, ME Weber, PU Clark, G Kuhn, A Timmermann, D Sprenk, R Gladstone, Nature 510, 134-138, 2014
  92. The role of soil processes in δ18O terrestrial climate proxies, LC Kanner, NH Buenning, LD Stott, A Timmermann, D Noone, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 28 (3), 239-252, 2014
  93. Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus, MH England, S McGregor, P Spence, GA Meehl, A Timmermann, W Cai, Nature Climate Change 4 (3), 222-227, 2014
  94. Modeling Obliquity and CO2 Effects on Southern Hemisphere Climate during the Past 408 ka, A Timmermann, T Friedrich, OE Timm, MO Chikamoto, A Abe-Ouchi, Journal of Climate 27 (5), 1863-1875, 2014
  95. CO2 radiative forcing and Intertropical Convergence Zone influences on western Pacific warm pool climate over the past 400 ka, K Tachikawa, A Timmermann, L Vidal, C Sonzogni, OE Timm, Quaternary Science Reviews 86, 24-34, 2014
  96. Using palaeo-climate comparisons to constrain future projections in CMIP5, GA Schmidt, JD Annan, PJ Bartlein, BI Cook, E Guilyardi, JC Hargreaves, SP Harrison, M Kageyama, AN LeGrande, B Konecky, S Lovejoy, ME Mann, V Masson-Delmotte, C Risi, D Thompson, A Timmermann, LB Tremblay, and P Yiou, Climate of the Past 10 (1), 221-250, 2014
  97. Deglacial ice/sheet meltdown: orbital pacemaking and CO2 effects, M Heinemann, A Timmermann, OE Timm, F Saito, A Abe-Ouchi, Climate of the Past 10, 1567–1579, 2014
  98. An interhemispheric tropical sea level seesaw due to El Niño Taimasa, MJ Widlansky, A Timmermann, S McGregor, MF Stuecker, W Cai, Journal of Climate 27 (3), 1070-1081, 2014
  99. Dynamics of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Part 2: Forcing by winds and buoyancy, F Schloesser, R Furue, JP McCreary, A Timmermann, Progress in Oceanography 120, 154-176, 2014
  100. Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming, W Cai, S Borlace, M Lengaigne, P Van Rensch, M Collins, G Vecchi, A Timmermann, Nature Climate Change 4, 111-116, 2014
  101. Hindcasting the continuum of Dansgaard/Oeschger variability: mechanisms, patterns and timing, L Menviel, A Timmermann, T Friedrich, MH England, Climate of the Past 10 (1), 63-77, 2014
  102. Recent Walker circulation strengthening and Pacific cooling amplified by Atlantic warming, S McGregor, A Timmermann, MF Stuecker, MH England, M Merrifield, Nature Climate Change 4, doi:10.1038/nclimate2330, 2014
  103. ENSO seasonal synchronization theory, K Stein, A Timmermann, N Schneider, FF Jin, MF Stuecker, Journal of Climate, 27, 5285–5310, 2014
  104. Improved Representation of Tropical Pacific Ocean/Atmosphere Dynamics in an Intermediate Complexity Climate Model, RL Sriver, A Timmermann, ME Mann, K Keller, H Goosse, Journal of Climate 27 (1), 168-185, 2014
  105. Near collapse of the meridional SST gradient in the eastern equatorial Pacific during Heinrich Stadial 1, SS Kienast, T Friedrich, N Dubois, PS Hill, A Timmermann, AC Mix, , Paleoceanography 28 (4), 663-674, 2013
  106. Zonal phase propagation of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies: Revisited, J Boucharel, A Timmermann, FF Jin Geophysical Research Letters 40 (15), 4048-4053, 2013
  107. Information from paleoclimate archives. In Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeV Masson-Delmotte, M Schulz, A Abe-Ouchi, J Beer, A Ganopolski, JF González Rouco, E Jansen, K Lambeck, J Luterbacher, T Naish, T Osborn, B Otto-Bliesner, T Quinn, R Ramesh, M Rojas, X Shao, and A Timmermann, 2013:. T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Doschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex, and P.M. Midgley, Eds. Cambridge University Press, 383-464, doi::10.1017/CBO9781107415324.013.
  108. Inferred changes in El Niño-Southern Oscillation variance over the past six centuries, S McGregor, A Timmermann, MH England, O Elison Timm, AT Wittenberg, Climate of the Past 9 2269-2284, 2013.
  109. A combination mode of the annual cycle and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, MF Stuecker, A Timmermann, FF Jin, S McGregor, HL Ren, Nature Geoscience, 6, 540–544, 2013
  110. 37. Estimated strength of the Atlantic overturning circulation during the last deglaciation, SP Ritz, TF Stocker, JO Grimalt, L Menviel, A Timmermann, Nature Geoscience, 6, 208–212, 2013
  111. Links between tropical rainfall and North Atlantic climate during the last glacial period, G Deplazes, A Lueckge, LC Peterson, A Timmermann, Y Hamann, KA Hughen, Nature Geoscience, 6, 213–217 ,2013
  112. Changes in South Pacific rainfall bands in a warming climate, MJ Widlansky, A Timmermann, K Stein, S McGregor, N Schneider, MH England, Nature Climate Change, 3, 417–423 , 2012
  113. Millennial-scale glacial meltwater pulses and their effect on the spatiotemporal benthic d18O variability, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, Paleoceanography 27 (3), doi: 10.1029/2012PA002330, 2012
  114. Dynamics of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Part 1: Buoyancy-forced response, F Schloesser, R Furue, JP McCreary Jr, A Timmermann, Progress in Oceanography 101 (1), 33-62, 2012
  115. More extreme swings of the South Pacific convergence zone due to greenhouse warming, W Cai, M Lengaigne, S Borlace, M Collins, T Cowan, MJ McPhaden, A Timmermann , Nature 488 (7411), 365-369,  2012
  116. The Effect of the South Pacific Convergence Zone on the Termination of El Niño Events and the Meridional Asymmetry of ENSO, S McGregor, A Timmermann, N Schneider, MF Stuecker, MH England, Journal of Climate 25 (16), 5566-5586, 2012
  117. Role of the Bering Strait on the hysteresis of the ocean conveyor belt circulation and glacial climate stability, A Hu, GA Meehl, W Han, A Timmermann, B Otto-Bliesner, Z Liu, WM Washington , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (17), 6417-6422, 2012
  118. Climate change dynamics of present and past in the North Pacific and its northern marginal seas, N Harada, K Takahashi, A Timmermann, T Sakamoto, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 1-3, 2012
  119. Sea surface temperature changes in the Okhotsk Sea and adjacent North Pacific during the last glacial maximum and deglaciation, N Harada, M Sato, O Seki, A Timmermann, H Moossen, J Bendle, Y Nakamura, K , Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 93-105, 2012
  120. Variability in North Pacific intermediate and deep water ventilation during Heinrich events in two coupled climate models, MO Chikamoto, L Menviel, A Abe-Ouchi, R Ohgaito, A Timmermann, Y Okazaki, N , Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 114-126, 2012
  121. Removing the North Pacific halocline: effects on global climate, ocean circulation and the carbon cycle, L Menviel, A Timmermann, O Elison Timm, A Mouchet, A Abe-Ouchi, MO Chikamoto , Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 106-113, 2012
  122. Quantifying the ocean’s role in glacial CO2 reductions, MO Chikamoto, A Abe-Ouchi, A Oka, R Ohgaito, A Timmermann, Climate of the Past 8 (2), 545-563, 2012
  123. Regional Patterns of Tropical Indo-Pacific Climate Change: Evidence of the Walker Circulation Weakening, H Tokinaga, SP Xie, A Timmermann, S McGregor, T Ogata, H Kubota, YM Okumura, Journal of Climate 25 (5), 1689-1710, 2012
  124. Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents, L Wu, W Cai, L Zhang, H Nakamura, A Timmermann, T Joyce, MJ McPhaden, M  Nature Climate Change 2 (3), 161-166, 2012
  125. Detecting regional anthropogenic trends in ocean acidification against natural variability, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, A Abe-Ouchi, NR Bates, MO Chikamoto, MJ Church , Nature Climate Change 2 (3), 167-171, 2012
  126. Impacts of ocean gateway and basin width on tertiary tropical climate variability in a prototype model, SI An, JH Park, BM Kim, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Theoretical and Applied Climatology 107 (1-2), 155-164, 2012
  127. The effect of topography-enhanced diapycnal mixing on ocean and atmospheric circulation and marine biogeochemistry, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, T Decloedt, DS Luther, A Mouchet, Ocean Modelling 39 (3), 262-274, 2011
  128. Phase synchronization of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation with the annual cycle, K Stein, A Timmermann, N Schneider, Physical Review Letters 107 (12), 128501, 2011
  129. Reduced interannual rainfall variability in East Africa during the last ice age, C Wolff, GH Haug, A Timmermann, JSS Damst_, A Brauer, DM Sigman, MA Cane, D , Science 333 (6043), 743-747, 2011
  130. Evidence for 800years of North Atlantic multi-decadal variability from a Puerto Rican speleothem, A Winter, T Miller, Y Kushnir, A Sinha, A Timmermann, MR Jury, C Gallup, H , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 308 (1), 23-28, 2011
  131. Deconstructing the Last Glacial termination: the role of millennial and orbital-scale forcings, L Menviel, A Timmermann, OE Timm, A Mouchet, Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (9), 1155-1172, 2011
  132. The effect of explosive tropical volcanism on ENSO, S McGregor, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 24 (8), 2178-2191, 2011
  133. Interactions between marine biota and ENSO: a conceptual model analysis, M Heinemann, A Timmermann, U Feudel, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 18 (1), 29-40, 2011
  134. Hypothesized link between glacial/interglacial atmospheric CO2 cycles and storage/release of CO2-rich fluids from deep-sea sediments, L Stott, A Timmermann, Geophysical Monograph Series 193, 123-138, 2011
  135. Promotion of glacial ice sheet buildup 60?115 kyr BP by precessionally paced Northern Hemispheric meltwater pulses, A Timmermann, J Knies, OE Timm, A Abe-Ouchi, T Friedrich, Paleoceanography 25 (4), 2010
  136. Climate and biogeochemical response to a rapid melting of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet during interglacials and implications for future climate, L Menviel, A Timmermann, OE Timm, A Mouchet, Paleoceanography 25 (4), 2010
  137. Geochemical and climate modeling evidence for Holocene aridification in Hawaii: dynamic response to a weakening equatorial cold tongue, J Uchikawa, BN Popp, JE Schoonmaker, A Timmermann, SJ Lorenz, Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (23), 3057-3066, 2010
  138. Seasonal Synchronization of ENSO Events in a Linear Stochastic Model, K Stein, N Schneider, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Journal of Climate 23 (21), 5629-5643, 2010
  139. Warming seas in the Coral Triangle: coral reef vulnerability and management implications, E McLeod, R Moffitt, A Timmermann, R Salm, L Menviel, MJ Palmer, ER Selig , Coastal Management 38 (5), 518-539, 2010
  140. The mechanism behind internally generated centennial-to-millennial scale climate variability in an earth system model of intermediate complexity, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, L Menviel, O Elison Timm, A Mouchet, DM Roche, Geoscientific Model Development 3 (2), 377-389, 2010
  141. Wind effects on past and future regional Sea level trends in the Southern Indo-Pacific, A Timmermann, S McGregor, FF Jin, Journal of Climate 23 (16), 4429-4437, 2010
  142. Deepwater formation in the North Pacific during the last glacial termination, Y Okazaki, A Timmermann, L Menviel, N Harada, A Abe-Ouchi, MO Chikamoto, A , Science 329 (5988), 200-204, 2010
  143. Early Pliocene increase in thermohaline overturning: A precondition for the development of the modern equatorial Pacific cold tongue, S Steph, R Tiedemann, M Prange, J Groeneveld, M Schulz, A Timmermann, D , Paleoceanography 25 (2), 2010
  144. The impact of global warming on the tropical Pacific Ocean and El Niño, M Collins, SI An, W Cai, A Ganachaud, E Guilyardi, FF Jin, M Jochum, M Lengaigne, S Power, A Timmermann, Nature Geoscience 3 (6), 391-397, 2010
  145. Reconstructing surface temperature changes over the past 600 years using climate model simulations with data assimilation, H Goosse, E Crespin, A de Montety, ME Mann, H Renssen, A Timmermann, Journal of Geophysical Research 115 (D9), D09108, 2010
  146. Mechanisms for the Onset of the African Humid Period and Sahara Greening 14.5-11 ka BP, Timm, P Koehler, A Timmermann, L Menviel, Journal of Climate 23 (10), 2612-2633, 2010
  147. Impact of diurnal atmosphere-ocean coupling on tropical climate simulations using a coupled GCM, YG Ham, JS Kug, IS Kang, FF Jin, A Timmermann, Climate Dynamics 34 (6), 905-917, 2010
  148. The inverse effect of annual-mean state and annual-cycle changes on ENSO, SI An, YG Ham, JS Kug, A Timmermann, J Choi, IS Kang, Journal of Climate 23 (5), 1095-1110, 2010
  149. Towards a quantitative understanding of millennial-scale Antarctic warming events, A Timmermann, L Menviel, Y Okumura, A Schilla, U Merkel, O Timm, A Hu, B , Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (1), 74-85, 2010
  150. A unified proxy for ENSO and PDO variability since 1650, S McGregor, A Timmermann, O Timm, Climate of the Past 6 (1), 1-17, 2010
  151. Orbital modulation of millennial-scale climate variability in an earth system model of intermediate complexity, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, O Timm, A Mouchet, DM Roche, Climate of the Past Discussions 5 (4), 2019-2051, 2009
  152. What Drives Climate Flip-Flops?, A Timmermann, L Menviel, Science 325 (5938), 273-274, 2009
  153. Effects of biologically induced differential heating in an eddy/permitting coupled ocean-ecosystem model, U Loeptien, C Eden, A Timmermann, H Dietze, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978-2012) 114 (C6) , 2009
  154. Radiocarbon age anomaly at intermediate water depth in the Pacific Ocean during the last deglaciation, L Stott, J Southon, A Timmermann, A Koutavas, Paleoceanography 24 (2), doi: 10.1029/2008PA001690, 2009
  155. The Roles of CO2 and Orbital Forcing in Driving Southern Hemispheric Temperature Variations during the Last 21 000 Yr, A Timmermann, O Timm, L Stott, L Menviel, Journal of Climate 22 (7), 1626-1640, 2009
  156. North Pacific climate response to freshwater forcing in the subarctic North Atlantic: Oceanic and atmospheric pathways, YM Okumura, C Deser, A Hu, A Timmermann, SP Xie, Journal of Climate 22 (6), 1424-1445, 2009
  157. A mid-Holocene transition in the nitrogen dynamics of the western equatorial Pacific: Evidence of a deepening thermocline? M Kienast, MF Lehmann, A Timmermann, E Galbraith, T Bolliet, A Holbourn, C , Geophysical Research Letters 35 (23), L23610, 2008
  158. Climate and marine carbon cycle response to changes in the strength of the Southern Hemispheric westerlies, L Menviel, A Timmermann, A Mouchet, O Timm, Paleoceanography 23 (4), 2008
  159. Influences of Atlantic Climate Change on the Tropical Pacific via the Central American Isthmus, SP Xie, Y Okumura, T Miyama, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 21 (15), 3914-3928, 2008
  160. On the definition of seasons in paleoclimate simulations with orbital forcing, Timm, A Timmermann, A Abe-Ouchi, F Saito, T Segawa, Paleoceanography 23 (2), PA2221, 2008
  161. Meridional reorganizations of marine and terrestrial productivity during Heinrich events, L Menviel, A Timmermann, A Mouchet, O Timm, Paleoceanography 23 (1), 2008
  162. Effects of Salt Compensation on the Climate Model Response in Simulations of Large Changes of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, TF Stocker, A Timmermann, M Renold, O Timm, Journal of Climate 20 (24), 5912-5928, 2007
  163. Eastern tropical Pacific hydrologic changes during the past 27,000 years from D/H ratios in alkenones, K Pahnke, JP Sachs, L Keigwin, A Timmermann, SP Xie, Paleoceanography 22 (4), 2007
  164. Southern hemisphere and deep-sea warming led deglacial atmospheric CO2 rise and tropical warming, L Stott, A Timmermann, R Thunell, Science 318 (5849), 435-438, 2007
  165. Tropical air-sea interactions accelerate the recovery of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation after a major shutdown, U Krebs, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 20 (19), 4940-4956 , 2007
  166. The influence of a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ENSO, A Timmermann, Y Okumura, SI An, A Clement, B Dong, E Guilyardi, A Hu, JH , Journal of Climate 20 (19), 4899-4919, 2007
  167. Simulation of the Last 21 000 Years Using Accelerated Transient Boundary Conditions, Timm, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 20 (17), 4377-4401, 2007
  168. The effect of orbital forcing on the mean climate and variability of the tropical Pacific, A Timmermann, SJ Lorenz, SI An, A Clement, SP Xie, Journal of Climate 20 (16), 4147-4159, 2007
  169.  Modulation of the bipolar seesaw in the Southeast Pacific during Termination 1, F Lamy, J Kaiser, HW Arz, D Hebbeln, U Ninnemann, O Timm, A Timmermann, JR , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 259 (3), 400-413, 2007
  170.  Fast advective recovery of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation after a Heinrich event, U Krebs, A Timmermann, Paleoceanography 22 (1), doi: 10.1029/2005PA001259, 2007
  171.  The Influence of ENSO on the Generation of Decadal Variability in the North Pacific, SI An, JS Kug, A Timmermann, IS Kang, O Timm, Journal of Climate 20 (4), 667-680, 2007
  172.  Ensemble-mean dynamics of the ENSO recharge oscillator under state-dependent stochastic forcing, FF Jin, L Lin, A Timmermann, J Zhao, Geophysical Research Letters 34 (3), 2007
  173. Using paleoclimate proxy-data to select optimal realisations in an ensemble of simulations of the climate of the past millennium, H Goosse, H Renssen, A Timmermann, RS Bradley, ME Mann, Climate Dynamics 27 (2-3), 165-184, 2006
  174. Sub-Milankovitch cycles in periplatform carbonates from the early Pliocene Great Bahama Bank, L Reuning, JJG Reijmer, C Betzler, A Timmermann, S Steph, Paleoceanography 21 (1), 2006
  175. Predictability of coupled processes, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Predictability of Weather and Climate, 251-274, 2006
  176. An initial intercomparison of atmospheric and oceanic climatology for the ICE-5G and ICE-4G models of LGM paleotopography, F Justino, A Timmermann, U Merkel, WR Peltier, Journal of Climate 19 (1), 3-14, 2006
  177. The origin of the” European Medieval Warm Period”, H Goosse, O Arzel, J Luterbacher, ME Mann, H Renssen, N Riedwyl, A Timmermann, E Xoplaki, H Wanner, Climate of the Past 2, 99-113, 2006
  178. Mechanisms for millennial-scale global synchronization during the last glacial period, A Timmermann, U Krebs, F Justino, H Goosse, T Ivanochko, Paleoceanography 20 (4), doi: 10.1029/2004PA0010902005, 2005
  179. Synoptic Reorganization of Atmospheric Flow during the Last Glacial Maximum, F Justino, A Timmermann, U Merkel, EP Souza, Journal of climate 18 (15), 2826-2846, 2005
  180. ENSO Suppression due to Weakening of the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation, A Timmermann, SI An, U Krebs, H Goosse, Journal of Climate 18 (16), 3122-3139, 2005
  181. Internal and forced climate variability during the last millennium: a model-data comparison using ensemble simulations, H Goosse, H Renssen, A Timmermann, RS Bradley, Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (12), 1345-1360, 2005
  182. Biophysical feedbacks in the tropical Pacific, B Marzeion, A Timmermann, R Murtugudde, FF Jin, Journal of Climate 18 (1), 58-70, 2005
  183. An organizing center for thermohaline excitability, J Abshagen, A Timmermann, Journal of Physical Oceanography 34 (12), 2756-2760, 2004
  184. Modeling evidence for enhanced El Niño-Southern Oscillation amplitude during the Last Glacial Maximum, SI An, A Timmermann, L Bejarano, FF Jin, F Justino, Z Liu, AW Tudhope,Paleoceanography 19 (4), 2004
  185. Glacial-interglacial contrast in climate variability at centennial-to-millennial timescales: observations and conceptual model, M Schulz, A Paul, A Timmermann, Quaternary Science Reviews 23 (20), 2219-2230, 2004
  186. Nonlinear dimensionality reduction in climate data, AJ Gamez, CS Zhou, A Timmermann, J Kurths, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 11 (3), 393-398, 2004
  187. Surface temperature control in the North and tropical Pacific during the last glacial maximum, A Timmermann, F Justino, FF Jin, U Krebs, H Goosse, Climate dynamics 23 (3-4), 353-370, 2004
  188. Strong hemispheric coupling of glacial climate through freshwater discharge and ocean circulation, R Knutti, J Flueckiger, TF Stocker, A Timmermann, Nature 430 (7002), 851-856, 2004
  189. The influence of the Galapagos Islands on tropical temperatures, currents and the generation of tropical instability waves, C Eden, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters 31 (15), 2004
  190. Intensification of the annual cycle in the tropical Pacific due to greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, FF Jin, M Collins, Geophysical Research Letters 31 (12), 2004
  191. Is the wind stress forcing essential for the meridional overturning circulation?, A Timmermann, H Goosse, Geophysical Research Letters 31 (4), 2004
  192.  Coherent resonant millennial-scale climate oscillations triggered by massive meltwater pulses, A Timmermann, H Gildor, M Schulz, E Tziperman, Journal of Climate 16 (15), 2569-2585, 2003
  193. Decadal ENSO amplitude modulations: A nonlinear paradigm, A Timmermann, Global and Planetary Change 37 (1), 135-156, 2003
  194. Potential feedbacks between Pacific Ocean ecosystems and interdecadal climate variations, AJ Miller, MA Alexander, GJ Boer, F Chai, K Denman, DJ Erickson III, R Frouin, A. Gabruc, EA Laws, MR Lewis, Z Liu, R Murtugudde, S Nakamoto, DJ Neilson, JR Norris, JC Ohlmann, RI Perry, N Schneider, KM Shell, A Timmermann, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84 (5), 617-633, 2003
  195. Strong El Niño events and nonlinear dynamical heating, FF Jin, SI An, A Timmermann, J Zhao, Geophysical research letters 30 (3), 20-1-20-1, 2003
  196. Cyclic Markov Chains with an Application to ENSO Predictability, R Pasmanter, A Timmermann, Nonlinear Processes Geophysics, 201-214, 2003
  197. A nonlinear theory for El Niño bursting, A Timmermann, FF Jin, J Abshagen, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60 (1), 152-165, 2003
  198. Relaxation oscillators in concert: A framework for climate change at millennial timescales during the late Pleistocene, M Schulz, A Paul, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters 29 (24), 2193, 2002
  199. Phytoplankton influences on tropical climate, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Geophysical Research Letters 29 (23), 2104, 2002
  200. Comments on “Noise-induced transitions in a simplified model of the thermohaline circulation” AH Monahan, A Timmermann, G Lohmann, Journal of Physical Oceanography 32 (3), 1112-1116, 2002
  201. A nonlinear mechanism for decadal El Niño amplitude changes, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Geophysical Research Letters 29 (1), 1003, 2002
  202. Empirical dynamical system modeling of ENSO using nonlinear inverse techniques, A Timmermann, HU Voss, R Pasmanter, Journal of Physical Oceanography 31 (6), 1579-1598, 2001
  203. Changes of ENSO stability due to greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters 28 (10), 2061-2064, 2001
  204. . Noise-induced transitions in a simplified model of the thermohaline circulation, A Timmermann, G Lohmann, Journal of Physical Oceanography 30 (8), 1891-1900, 2000
  205. Modes of climate variability as simulated by a coupled general circulation model. Part I: ENSO-like climate variability and its low-frequency modulation, A Timmermann, M Latif, A Groetzner, R Voss, Climate Dynamics 15 (8), 605-618, 1999
  206.  Interannual to decadal predictability in a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model, A Groetzner, M Latif, A Timmermann, R Voss, Journal of Climate 12 (8), 2607-2624, 1999
  207.  Detecting the nonstationary response of ENSO to greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 56 (14), 2313-2325, 1999
  208.  Increased El Niño frequency in a climate model forced by future greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, J Oberhuber, A Bacher, M Esch, M Latif, E Roeckner, Nature 398 (6729), 694-697, 1999
  209.  Northern hemispheric interdecadal variability: a coupled air-sea mode, A Timmermann, M Latif, R Voss, A Groetzner, Journal of Climate 11 (8), 1906-1931, 1998
  210.  Thermal photon production in heavy-ion collisions, N Arbex, U Ornik, M Pluemer, A Timmermann, RM Weiner, Physics Letters B 345 (3), 307-312, 1995
  211.  Photon interferometry of quark-gluon dynamics reexamined, A Timmermann, M Pluemer, L Razumov, RM Weiner, Physical Review C 5