악셀 팀머만 Axel Timmermann

Axel Timmermann

Director & Distinguished Professor

Email: timmermann@pusan.ac.kr

Phone: +82-51-510-2890

Research Interests

  • El Niño
  • Human migration and climate
  • Climate/carbon cycle interactions
  • Glacial Dynamics
  • Abrupt Climate Change
  • Sea level rise
  • Ice-sheet instabilities
  • Climate Predictability


1999 Ph.D. Meteorology. University of Hamburg, Germany
1995 M.S. Theoretical Physics. University of Marburg, Germany
1992 B.S. Physics. University of Marburg, Germany

Work Experience

2017 Director of the IBS Center for Climate Physics, Pusan National University
2017 Distinguished Professor, Pusan National University
2009 2016 Full Professor in Physical Oceanography, University of Hawaii
2004 2009 Associate Professor in Physical Oceanography, University of Hawaii
2001 2004 Associate Researcher, IfM-GEOMAR, University of Kiel, Germany
2000 2001 Postdoc, International Pacific Research Center, Hawaii, USA
1998 2000 Postdoc, Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute, the Netherlands
1995 1998 Research Assistant, Max Planck Institute of Meteorology, Hamburg

Fellowships, Awards, and Honors

2023 Highly Cited Research (Cross-Field) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2022 Highly Cited Researcher (Environment and Ecology) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2021 Highly Cited Researcher (Environment and Ecology) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2020 Highly Cited Researcher (Environment and Ecology) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2019 Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-Field) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2018 Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-Field) of Web of Science, Clarivate Analytics
2018 Scientist of the Year by the Korean Science Journalist Association
2017 Milankovic Medal of the European Geosciences Union
2015 Elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union
2015 University of Hawaii, Regents' Medal for Excellence in Research
2007 Rosenstiel Award of the Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS), Miami


  1. A transient coupled general circulation model (CGCM) simulation of the past 3 million years, Kyung-Sook Yun, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Matteo Willeit, Andrey Ganopolski, Jyoti Jadhav, Climate of the Past, vol. 19, 10, pp. 1951 – 1974, doi: 10.5194/cp-19-1951-2023, 2023
  2. Moisture control of tropical cyclones in high-resolution simulations of paleoclimate and future climate, Pavan Harika Raavi, Jung-Eun Chu, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Kevin J.E. Walsh, Nature Communications, vol. 14, article 6426, doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-42033-8, 2023
  3. Increased amplitude of atmospheric rivers and associated extreme precipitation in ultra-high-resolution greenhouse warming simulations, Arjun Babu Nellikkattil, June-Yi Lee, Bin Guan, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Jung-Eun Chu, Danielle Lemmon, Communications earth and environment, vol. 4, article 313, doi: 10.1038/s43247-023-00963-7, 2023
  4. Anthropogenic fingerprints in daily precipitation revealed by deep learning, Yoo-Geun Ham, Jeong-Hwan Kim, Seung-Ki Min, Daehyun Kim, Tim Li, Axel Timmermann, Malte F. Stuecker, Nature, vol. 622, pp. 301-307, doi: 10.1038/s41586-023-06474-x, 2023
  5. Rainfall Salinity Effects on Future Pacific Climate Change, Hyuna Kim,Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Fabian Schloesser, Earth’s Future, vol. 11, 8, e2022EF003457, doi: 10.1029/2022EF003457, 2023
  6. Extreme glacial cooling likely led the Hominin depopulation of Europe in the Early Pleistocene, Vasiliki Margari, David A. Hodell, Simon A. Parfitt, Nick M. Ashton, Joan O. Grimalt, Hyuna Kim, Kyung-Sook Yun, Philip L. Gibbard, Chris B. Stringer, Axel Timmermann, Polychronis C. Tzedkis, Science, vol. 381, 6658, pp. 693 – 699, doi: 10.1126/science.adf4445, 2023
  7. Climate shifts orchestrated Hominin interbreeding events across Eurasia, Jiaoyang Ruan, Axel Timmermann, Pasquale Raia, Kyung-Sook Yun, Elke Zeller, Alessandro Mindanaro, Mirko Di Febbraro, Danielle Lemmon, Silvia Castiglione, Marina Melchionna, Science, vol. 381, 6658, pp. 699 – 704, doi: 10.1126/science.add4459, 2023
  8. Resolving the Tropical Pacific/Atlantic Interaction Conundrum, Feng Jiang, Wenjun Zhang, Fei-Fei Jin, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Michael J. McPhaden, Julien Boucharel, Andrew T. Wittenberg, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 50, 13, e2023GL103777, doi: 10.1029/2023GL103777, 2023
  9. Interannual fires as a source for subarctic summer decadal climate variability mediated by permafrost thawing, Ji-Eun Kim, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Karl Stein, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Jean-Francois Lamarque, John T. Fasullo, Clara Deser, Nań Rosenbloom, Jim Edwards, Malte F. Stuecker, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, vol. 6, 1, article 84, doi: 10.1038/s41612-023-00415-1, 2023
  10. Human adaptation to diverse biomes over the past 3 million years, Elke Zeller, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Sook Yun, Pasquale Raia, Karl Stein and Jiaoyang Ruan, Science, vol. 380, 6645, pp. 604-608, doi: 10.1126/science.abq1288, 2023
  11. Future Indian Ocean Warming patterns, Sahil Sharma, Kyung-Ja Ha, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann, Euiseok Chung, Nature Communications, vol. 14, article 1789, doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-37435-7, 2023
  12. Future sea-level projections with a coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice-sheet model, Jun-Young Park, Fabian Schloesser, Axel Timmermann, Dipayan Choudhury, June-Yi Lee, Arjun Babu Nellikkattil, Nature Communications, vol. 14, article 636, doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-36051-9, 2023
  13. More frequent central Pacific El Niño and stronger estern pacific El Niño in a warmer climate, Na-Yeon Shin, Jong-Seong Hug, Malte F. Stuecker, Fei-Fei Jin, Axel Timmermann, Geon-Il Kim, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, vol. 5, article 101, doi: 10.1038/s41612-022-00324-9, 2022
  14. Nutrient uptake plasticity in phytoplankton sustains future ocean net primary production, Eun Young Kwon, M. G. Sreeush, Axel Timmermann, David M. Karl, Matthew J. Church, Sun-Seon Lee, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Science Advances, vol. 8, 51, eadd2475, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.add2475, 2022
  15. Emerging unprecedented lake ice loss in climate change projections, Lei Huang, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Keith B. Rodgers, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Eui-Seok Chung, Nature Communications, vol. 13, 1, article 5798, doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-33495-3, 2022
  16. Lake ice will be less safe for recreation and transportation under future warming, R. Iestyn Woolway, Lei Huang, Sapna Sharma, Sun-Seon Lee, Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann, Earth’s Future, vol.10, 10, e2022EF002907, doi: 10.1029/2022EF002907, 2022
  17. Summer midlatitude stationary wave patterns synchronize Northern Hemisphere wildfire occurrence, Hien X. Bui, Axel Timmermann, June-Yi Lee, Eric D. Maloney, Yi-Xian Li, Ji-Eun Kim, Jacquelyn Shuman, Sun-Seon Lee, and William R. Wieder, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 49, 18, e2022GL099017, doi: 10.1029/2022GL099017, 2022
  18. A low-order dynamical model for fire-vegetation-climate interactions, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann, Jin-Soo Kim, Roman Olson, Soon-Il An, Environmental Research Letters, vol. 17, 9, 094004, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac8696, 2022
  19. Dynamics and characteristics of dry and moist heatwaves over East Asia, Kyung-Ja Ha, Ye-Won Seo, Ji-Hye Yeo, Axel Timmermann, Eui-Seok Chung, Christian L.E. Franzke, Johnny C.L. Chan, Sang-Wook Yeh, Mingling Ting, npj climate and atmospheric science, vol. 5, article 49, doi: 10.1038/s41612-022-00272-4, 2022
  20. Trophic level decoupling drives future changes in phytoplankton bloom phenology, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann, Karl J. Stein, Sarah  Schlunegger, Daniele Bianchi, John P. Dunne, and Richard Slater, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, pp. 469-476, doi: 10.1038/s41558-022-01353-1, 2022
  21. Future Amplification of Sea Surface Temperature Seasonality Due to Enhanced Ocean Stratification, Anila Rani Jo, June-Yi Lee, Axel Timmermann, Fei-Fei Jin, Ryohei Yamaguchi, and Angeles Gallego, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 49, 9, e2022GL098607, DOI: 10.1029/2022GL098607, 2022
  22. Antarctic sea ice expansion and Southern Ocean cooling linked to tropical variability, Eui-Seok Chung, Seong-Joong Kim, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Ja Ha, Sang-Ki Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Lei Huang, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, pp. 461-468, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01339-z, 2022
  23. Climate effects on archaic human habitats and species successions, Axel Timmermann, Kyungsook Yun, Pasquale Raia, Jiaoyang Ruan, Alessandro Montanaro, Elke Zeller, Christoph Zollikofer, Marcia Ponce de León, Danielle Lemmon, Matteo Willeit, Andrey Ganopolski, Nature, vol. 604, pp. 495-501 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04600-9, 2022
  24. Estimating Three-Dimensional Carbon-to-Phosphorus Stoichiometry of Exported Marine Organic Matter, Eun Young Kwon, Mark Holzer, Axel Timmermann, François Primeau, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.36, 3, e2021GB007154, doi: 10.1029/2021GB007154, 2022
  25. Projected Reversal of Oceanic Stable Carbon Isotope Ratio Depth Gradient with Continued Anthropogenic Carbon Emissions, Eun Young Kwon, Axel Timmermann, Brett J. Tipple, Andreas Schmittner, Communications Earth & Environment, vol. 3, article number 62, DOI: 10.1038/s43247-022-00388-8, 2022
  26. Emergence of climate change in the tropical Pacific, Jun Ying, Matthew Collins, Wenju Cai, Axel Timmermann, Ping Huang, Dake Chen and Karl Stein, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, 356-364, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01301-z, 2022
  27. Exploring Late Pleistocene hominid dispersals, coexistence and extinction with agent-based multi-factor models, Ali R. Vahdati, John David Weissmann, Axel Timmermann, Marcia Ponce de León, Christoph P.E. Zollikofer, Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 279, article number 107391, DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2022.107391, 2022
  28. Ubiquity of human-induced changes in climate variability, Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Nan Rosenbloom, Axel Timmermann, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Clara Deser, Jim Edwards, Ji-Eun Kim, Isla R. Simpson, Karl Stein, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Tamas Bodai, Eui-Seok Chung, Lei Huang, Who M. Kim, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Danica L. Lombardozzi, William R. Wider, and Stephen G. Yeager. Earth System Dynamics, vol.12, 4, pp. 1393-1411, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-1393-2021, 2021
  29. Roles of insolation forcing and CO2 forcing on Late Pleistocene seasonal sea surface temperatures, Kyung Eun Lee, Steven Clemens, Yoshimi Kubota, Axel Timmermann, Ann Holbourn, Sang-Wook Yeh, Si Woong Bae, and Tae Wook Ko, Nature Communications, vol.12, 5742, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-26051-y
  30. Future high-resolution El Niño/Southern Oscillation dynamics, Christian Wengel, Sun-Seon Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Jung-Eun Chu, Fabian Schloesser, nature climate change, vol.11, 9, 758-765, DOI: 10.1038/s43017-021-00199-z, 2021
  31. East Asian climate response to COVID-19 lockdown measures in China, Sun-Seon Lee, Jung-Eun Chu, Axel Timmermann, Eui-Seok Chung, June-Yi Lee, Scientific Reports, vol. 11: 16852, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-96007-1, 2021
  32. Changing El-Niño-Southern Oscillation in a warming climate, Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Matthew Collins, Boris Dewitte, Christina Karamperidou, Jong-Seong Kug, Matthieu Lengaigne, Michael McPhaden, Malte Stuecker, Andrea Taschetto, Axel Timmermann, Lixin Wu, Sang-Wook Yeh, Guojian Wang, Benjamin Ng, Fan Jia, Yun Yang, Jun Ying, Xiao-Tong Zheng, Tobias Bayr, Josephine Brown, Antonietta Capotondi, Kim Cobb, Bolan Gan, Tao Geng, Yoo-Geun Ham, Fei-Fei Jin, Hyun-Su Jo, Xichen Li, Xiaopei Lin, Shayne McGregor, Jae-Heung Park, Karl Stein, Kai Yang, Li Zhang, and Wenxiu Zhong, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, DOI: 10.1038/s43017-021-00199-z, 2021
  33. Spurious North Tropical Atlantic precursors to El Niño, Wenjun Zhang, Feng Jiang, Malte F. Stuecker, Fei-Fei Jin, Axel Timmermann, Nature Communications, vol. 12: 3096, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-23411-6, 2021
  34. Tropical Indo-Pacific SST influences on vegetation variability in eastern Africa, In-Won Kim, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Elke Zeller, Jong-Seong Kug, So-Won Park, and Jin-Soo Kim, Scientific Reports, vol.11: 10462, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-89824-x, 2021
  35. Long-term demise of sub-Antarctic glaciers modulated by the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies, Jostein Bakke, Øyvind Paasche, Joerg Schaefer, Axel Timmermann, Scientific Reports, vol.11: 8361, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87317-5, 2021
  36. Stable Carbon Isotopes Suggest Large Terrestrial Carbon Inputs to the Global Ocean, Eun Young Kwon, Tim DeVries, Eric Galbraith, Jeomshik Hwang, Guebuem Kim, Axel Timmermann, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, e2020GB006684, DOI: 10.1029/2020GB006684, 2021
  37. Increasing ENSO-rainfall variability due to changes in future tropical temperature-rainfall relationship, Kyung-Sook Yun, June-Yi Lee, Axel Timmermann, Karl Stein, Malte F. Stuecker, John C. Fyfe, Eui-Seok Chung, Communications earth & environment, 2, article number 43, doi: 10.1038/s43247-021-00108-8, 2021
  38. Caspian Sea and Black Sea response to greenhouse warming in a high-resolution Global Climte Model, Lei Huang, Sun-Seon Lee, Axel Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters, 48(4), e2020GL090270, doi: 10.1029/2020GL090270, 2021
  39. Synchronized spatial shifts of Hadley and Walker circulations, Kyung-Sook Yun, Axel Timmermann, and Malte F. Stuecker, Earth System Dynamics, 12(1), 121-132, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-121-2021, 2021
  40. Cold-Season Arctic Amplification Driven by Arctic Ocean-Mediated Seasonal Energy Transfer, Euiseok Chung, Kyung-Ja Ha, Axel Timmermann, Malte F. Stuecker, Tamas Bodai, and Sangki Lee, Earth’s Future, 9(2), e2020EF001898. doi: 10.1029/2020EF001898, 2021
  41. Drivers of river reactivation in North Africa during the last glacial cycle, Cécile L. Blanchet, Anne H. Osborne, Rik Tjallingii, Werner Ehrmann, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Warner Brückmann and Martin Frank, Nature geoscience, 14(2), 97-103, doi: 10.1038/s41561-020-00671-3, 2021
  42. Reduced tropical cyclone densities and ocean effects due to anthropogenic greenhouse warming, Jung-Eun Chu, Sun-Seon Lee, Axel Timmermann, Christian Wengel, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Science Advances, 6(51), eabd5109, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abd5109, 2020
  43. ENSO in a Changing Climate: Challenges, Paleo-Perspectives, and Outlook, Christina Karamperidou, Malte F Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Sook Yun, Sun-Seon Lee, Fei‐Fei Jin, Agus Santoso, Michael J McPhaden, Wenju Cai, El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate 253, 473, ISBN: 978-1-119-54812-6, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch21, 2020
  44. ENSO Response to Greenhouse Forcing, Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Guojian Wang, Lixin Wu, Mat Collins, Matthieu Lengaigne, Scott Power, Axel Timmermann, El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate 253, 289, ISBN: 978-1-119-54812-6, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch13, 2020
  45. A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability, Roman Olson, Axel Timmermann, June-Yi Lee, Soon-Il An, Climate Dynamics, 56(1-2), 399-422, doi: 10.1007/s00382-020-05479-w, 2020
  46. Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann, Scientific Reports, 10, 16283, doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-73449-7, 2020
  47. Atmospheric nitrous oxide variations on centennial time scales during the past two millennia, Y. Ryu, J. Ahn, J.‐W. Yang, E. J. Brook, A. Timmermann, T. Blunier, S. Hur, S.‐J. Kim, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34(9), e2020GB006568, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006568, 2020
  48. Simulating Marine Isotope Stage 7 with a coupled climate-ice sheet model, Dipayan Choudhury, Axel Timmermann, Fabian Schloesser, Malte Heinemann, David Pollard, Climate of the Past, doi: 10.5194/cp-2020-46, 2020
  49. Anthropogenic intensification of surface ocean interannual pCO2 variability, Angeles Gallego, Axel Timmermann, Tobias Friedrich, Richard E. Zeebe, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (13), e2020GL087104, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087104, 2020
  50. Quantifying the potential causes of Neanderthal extinction: abrupt climate change versus competition and interbreeding, Axel Timmermann, Quaternary Science Reviews, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106331, 2020
  51. Future changes of summer monsoon characteristics and evaporative demand over Asia in CMIP6 simulations, Kyung‐Ja Ha, Suyeon Moon, Axel Timmermann, Daeha Kim, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (8), e2020GL087492, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087492, 2020
  52. Timing and magnitude of Southern Ocean sea ice/carbon cycle feedbacks, Karl Stein, Axel Timmermann, Eun Young Kwon, Tobias Friedrich, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117 (9), 4498-4504, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1908670117, 2020
  53. Using Late Pleistocene sea surface temperature reconstructions to constrain future greenhouse warming, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 530, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115911, 2020
  54. Strong remote control of future equatorial warming by off-equatorial forcing, Malte F Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Fei-Fei Jin, Cristian Proistosescu, Sarah M. Kang, Doyeon Kim, Kyung-Sook Yun, Eui-Seok Chung, Jung-Eun Chu, Cecilia M. Bitz, Kyle C. Armour, Michiya Hayashi, Nature Climate Change, 10, 124-129, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0667-6, 2020
  55. Climate-human interaction associated with southeast Australian megafauna extinction patterns, Frédérik Saltré, Joël Chadoeuf, Katharina J. Peters, Matthew C. McDowell, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Sean Ulm & Corey J. A. Bradshaw, Nature Communications, 10, 5311, doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13277-0, 2019
  56. Human origins in a southern African palaeo-wetland and first migrations, Eva K. F. Chan, Axel Timmermann, Benedetta F. Baldi, Andy E. Moore, Ruth J. Lyons, Sun-Seon Lee, Anton M. F. Kalsbeek, Desiree C. Petersen, Hannes Rautenbach, Hagen E. A. Förtsch, M. S. Riana Bornman, Vanessa M. Hayes, Nature, 575 (7781), 185-159, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1714-1, 2019
  57. Nonlinear response of the Antarctic Ice Sheet to late Quaternary sea level and climate forcing, Michelle Tigchelaar, Axel Timmermann, Tobias Friedrich, Malte Heinemann, David Pollard, The Cryosphere, doi: 10.5194/tc-13-2615-2019, 2019
  58. Mediterranean winter rainfall in phase with African monsoons during the past 1.36 million years, Bernd Wagner, Hendrik Vogel, Alexander Francke, Tobias Friedrich, Timme Donders, Jack H. Lacey, Melanie J. Leng, Eleonora Regattieri, Laura Sadori, Thomas Wilke, Giovanni Zanchetta, Christian Albrecht, Adele Bertini, Nathalie Combourieu-Nebout, Aleksandra Cvetkoska, Biagio Giaccio, Andon Grazhdani, Torsten Hauffe, Jens Holtvoeth, Sebastien Joannin, Elena Jovanovska, Janna Just, Katerina Kouli, Ilias Kousis, Andreas Koutsodendris, Sebastian Krastel, Markus Lagos, Niklas Leicher, Zlatko Levkov, Katja Lindhorst, Alessia Masi, Martin Melles, Anna M. Mercuri, Sebastien Nomade, Norbert Nowaczyk, Konstantinos Panagiotopoulos, Odile Peyron, Jane M. Reed, Leonardo Sagnotti, Gaia Sinopoli, Björn Stelbrink, Roberto Sulpizio, Axel Timmermann, Slavica Tofilovska, Paola Torri, Friederike Wagner-Cremer, Thomas Wonik, Xiaosen Zhang, Nature, 573 (7773), 256-260, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1529-0, 2019
  59. Drivers of Late Pleistocene human survival and dispersal: an agent-based modeling and machine learning approach, Ali R. Vahdati, John David Weissmann, Axel Timmermann, Marcia S.Ponce de León, Christoph P.E.Zollikofer, Quaternary Science Reviews, 221, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105867, 2019
  60. North American April tornado occurrences linked to global sea surface temperature anomalies, Jung-Eun Chu, Axel Timmermann, June-Yi Lee, Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw9950, 2019
  61. Antarctic iceberg impacts on future Southern Hemisphere Climate, Fabian Schloesser, Tobias Friedrich, Axel Timmermann, Robert M. DeConto, David Pollard, Nature Climate Change, 9(9), 672-677, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0546-1, 2019
  62. A drift-free decadal climate prediction system for the Community Earth System Model, Yoshimitsu Chikamoto, Axel Timmermann, Matthew J. Widlansky, Shaoqing Zhang, Magdalena A. Balmaseda, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0788.1, 2019
  63. Saharan green corridors and Middle Pleistocene hominin dispersals across the Eastern Desert, Sudan, M. Masojć, A. Nassr, J. Y. Kim, J. Krupa-Kurzynowska, Y. K. Sohn, M. Szmit, J. C. Kim, J. S. Kim, H. W. Choi, M. Wieczorek, A. Timmermann, Journal of Human Evolution, 130, 141-150, doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.01.004, 2019
  64. Calibration uncertainties of tropical Pacific climate reconstructions over the Last Millennium, K.-S. Yun, A. Timmermann, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0524.1, 2019
  65. Reconciling opposing Walker circulation trends in observations and model projections, E.-S. Chung, A. Timmermann, B. J. Soden, K.-J. Ha, L, Shi, V, O. John, Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0446-4, 2019
  66. Sea ice variability in the southern Norwegian Sea during glacial Dansgaard-Oeschger climate cycles, H. Sadatzki, T. M. Dokken, S. M. P. Berben, F. Muschitiello, R. Stein, K. Fahl, L. Menviel, A. Timmermann, E. Jansen, Science Advances, 5(3), doi:10.1126/sciadv.aau6174, 2019
  67. Glacial changes in tropical climate amplified by the Indian Ocean, P. N. DiNezio, J. E. Tierney, B. L. Otto-Bliesner, A. Timmermann, T. Bhattacharya, N. Rosenbloom, E. Brady, Science Advances, 4(12), doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9658, 2018
  68. Drivers of future seasonal cycle changes in oceanic pCO2, M. A Gallego, A Timmermann, T Friedrich, R E. Zeebe, Biogeosciences, 15, 5315-5327, doi: 10.5194/bg-15-5315-2018, 2018
  69. Disentangling Impacts of Dynamic and Thermodynamic Components on Late Summer Rainfall Anomalies in East Asia, H Oh, K.-J Ha, A Timmermann, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,  0(0), 1-11, doi: 10.1029/2018JD028652, 2018
  70. El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity, A Timmermann, S-I An, J-S Kug, F-F Jin, W Cai, A Capotondi, K Cobb, M Lengaigne, M J. McPhaden, M F. Stuecker, K Stein, A T. Wittenberg, K-S Yun, T Bayr, H-C Chen, Y Chikamoto, B Dewitte, D Dommenget, P Grothe, E Guilyardi, Y-G Ham, M Hayashi, S Ineson, D Kang, S Kim, WM Kim, J-Y Lee, T Li, J-J Luo, S McGregor, Y Planton, S Power, H Rashid, H-L Ren, A Santoso, K Takahashi, A Todd, G Wang, G Wang, R Xie, W-H Yang, S-W Yeh, J Yoon, E Zeller, X Zhang, Nature, 559, 535-545, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6, 2018
  71. Did our species evolve in subdivided populations across Africa, and why does it matter?, E M.L. Scerri, M G. Thomas, A Manica, P Gunz, J T. Stock, C Stringer, M Grove, H S. Groucutt, A Timmermann, G. P Rightmire, F d’Errico, C A. Tryon, N A. Drake, A S. Brooks, R W. Dennell, R W. Dennell, R Durbin, B M. Henn, J L-Thorp, P deMenocal, M D. Petraglia, J C. Thompson, A Scally, L Chikhi, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.05.005, 2018
  72. Local insolation changes enhance Antarctic interglacials: Insights from an 800,000-year ice sheet simulation with transient climate forcing, M Tigchelaar, A Timmermann, D Pollard, T Friedrich, M Heinemann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 495, 69-78, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.05.004, 2018
  73. Precession and atmospheric CO2 modulated variability of sea ice in the central Okhotsk Sea since 130,000 years ago, L Lo, S T. Belt, J Lattaud, T Friedrich, C Zeeden, S Schouten, L Smik, A Timmermann, P Cabedo-Sanz, J-J Huang, L Zhou, T-H Ou, Y-P Chang, L-C Wang, Y-M Chou, C-C Shen, M-T Chen, K-Y Wei, S-R Song, T-H Fang, S A. Gorbarenko, W-L Wang, T-Q Lee, H Elderfield, D A. Hodell, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.005, 2018
  74. Decadal Monsoon-ENSO relationships re-examined, KS Yun, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (4), doi: 10.1002/2017GL076912, 2018
  75. (Un)predictability of strong El Niño events, J Guckenheimer, A Timmermann, H Dijkstra, A Roberts, Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System, doi: 10.1093/climsys/dzx004, 2017
  76. Multi-year predictability of climate, drought, and wildfire in southwestern North America, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, M Widlansky, MA Balmaseda, L Stott, Scientific Reports, 7, 6568, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-06869-7, 2017
  77. Revisiting ENSO/Indian Ocean Dipole phase relationships, M Stuecker, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Y Chikamoto, W Zhang, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2016GL072308, 2017
  78. Nonlinear climate sensitivity and its implications for future greenhouse warming, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, M Tigchelaar, O Elison Timm, A Ganopolski, Science Advances, 2 (11), doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501923, 2016
  79. Unraveling El Niño’s impact on the East Asian Monsoon and Yangtze River summer flooding, W Zhang, FF Jin, MF Stuecker, AT Wittenberg, A Timmermann, HL Ren, Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (21), doi 10.1002/2016GL071190, 2016
  80. Tropical Pacific SST drivers of recent Antarctic sea ice trends, A Purich, M England, W Cai, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, J Fyfe, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175 JCLI-D-16, 2016
  81. Strong middepth warming and weak radiocarbon imprints in the equatorial Atlantic during Heinrich 1 and Younger Dryas, S Weldeab, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, R Schneider Paleoceanography 31, doi: 10.1002/2016PA002957, 2016
  82. Potential tropical Atlantic impacts on Pacific decadal climate trends, Y Chikamoto, T Mochizuki, A Timmermann, M Kimoto, M Watanabe, Geophysical Research Letters 43, 10.1002/2016GL069544, 2016
  83. The climate response of the Indo‐Pacific warm pool to glacial sea level, PN Di Nezio, A Timmermann, JE Tierney, FF Jin, B Otto‐Bliesner, Paleoceanography, doi: 10.1002/2015PA002890, 2016
  84. Reply to “Comments on Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone”, MF Stuecker, FF Jin, A Timmermann, S McGregor J. Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0558, 2016
  85. Late Pleistocene climate drivers of early human migration A Timmermann, To. Friedrich, Nature, 538 (92-95), doi: 10.1038/nature19365, 2016
  86. Mixed-Mode Oscillations of El Niño–Southern Oscillation A Roberts, J Guckenheimer, E Widiasih, A Timmermann, CKRT Jones Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73, 1755-1766, 2016
  87. Volcanic eruptions boost tropical Pacific biological productivity MO Chikamoto, A Timmermann, M Yoshimori, L F., A Laurian, Geophysical Research Letter 43, 10.1002/2015GL067359, 2016
  88. Millennial to orbital-scale variations of drought intensity in the Eastern Mediterranean M Stockhecke, A Timmermann, R Kipfer, GH Haug, O Kwiecien Quaternary Science Reviews 133, 77-95, 2016
  89. Mechanisms and predictability of multiyear ecosystem variability in the North Pacific, M.O. Chikamoto, A. Timmermann, Y. Chikamoto, H. Tokinaga, N. Harada, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(11), 2001-2019, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005096, 2015
  90. Charging El Niño with off-equatorial westerly wind events S McGregor, A Timmermann, FF Jin, WS Kessler Climate Dynamics 45, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2891-8, 2015
  91. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation frequency cascade, MF Stuecker F -F Jin, and A Timmermann, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112, doi:10.1073/pnas.1508622112 2015
  92. Abrupt onset and prolongation of aragonite undersaturation events in the Southern Ocean, C Hauri, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, Nature Climate Change, 5, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2844, 2015
  93. Future extreme sea level seesaws in the tropical Pacific, M Widlansky, A Timmermann, W Cai, Science Advances, 1 (8), doi:10.1126/sciadv.1500560,  2015
  94. An Atlantic-Pacific ventilation seesaw across the last deglaciation, E Freeman, LC Skinner, A Tisserand, T Dokken, A Timmermann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 424, 237-244, 2015
  95. Skilful multi-year predictions of tropical trans-basin climate variability, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, JJ Luo, T Mochizuki, M Kimoto, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/ncomms7869, 2015
  96.  The response of ENSO flavors to mid-Holocene climate: Implications for proxy interpretation, C Karamperidou, PM Di Nezio, A Timmermann, FF Jin, KM Cobb, Paleoceanography, 30, doi, 10.1002/2014PA002742, 2015
  97.  Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone, MF Stuecker, FF Jin, A Timmermann, S McGregor, Journal of Climate 28 (3), 1093-1111, 3, 2015
  98. Decadal predictability of soil water, vegetation, and wildfire frequency over North America, Y Chikamoto, A Timmermann, S Stevenson, P DiNezio, S Langford, Climate Dynamics, 5, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2469-5, 2015
  99. Abrupt changes in the southern extent of North Atlantic DeepWater during Dansgaard-Oeschger events, J Gottschalk, LC Skinner, S Misra, C Waelbroeck, L Menviel, A. Timmermann, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo2558, 2015
  100. Mechanisms rectifying the annual mean response of tropical Atlantic rainfall to precessional forcing, M Tigchelaar, A Timmermann, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2835-3, 2015
  101. Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation (TBO) indistinguishable from white noise, M Stuecker, A Timmermann, J Yoon, FF Jin, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL065878, 2015
  102. ENSO and greenhouse warming, Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Guojian Wang, Sang-Wook Yeh, Soon-Il An, Kim M. Cobb, Mat Collins, Eric Guilyardi, Fei-Fei Jin, Jong-Seong Kug, Matthieu Lengaigne, Michael J. McPhaden, Ken Takahashi, Axel Timmermann, Gabriel Vecchi, Masahiro Watanabe, Lixin Wu, Nature Climate Change 5, 849-859, 2015
  103. Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming, W Cai, G Wang, A Santoso, MJ McPhaden, L Wu, FF Jin, A Timmermann, M Collins, G Vecchi, M Lengaigne, MH England, D Dommenget, K Takahashi and E Guilyardi, Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2492, 2014
  104. The Holocene temperature conundrum, Z Liu, J Zhu, Y Rosenthal, X Zhang, BL Otto-Bliesner, A Timmermann, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (34), E3501-E3505, 2014
  105. Evolution and Forcing Mechanisms of El Niño over the Last 21,000, Z Liu, Z Lu, X Wen, BL Otto-Bliesner, A Timmermann, K. M. Cobb, Nature, 515, 550-553, 2014.
  106. Millennial-scale Atlantic/East Pacific sea surface temperature linkages during the last 100,000 years, N Dubois, M Kienast, SS Kienast, A Timmermann, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 396, 134-142, 2014
  107. Assessing divergent SST behavior during the last 21 ka derived from alkenones and G. ruber Mg/Ca in the Equatorial Pacific, A Timmermann, J Sachs, O Elison Timm, Paleoceanography, DOI: 10.1002/2013PA002598, 2014
  108. Millennial-scale variability in Antarctic ice-sheet discharge during the last deglaciation, ME Weber, PU Clark, G Kuhn, A Timmermann, D Sprenk, R Gladstone, Nature 510, 134-138, 2014
  109. The role of soil processes in δ18O terrestrial climate proxies, LC Kanner, NH Buenning, LD Stott, A Timmermann, D Noone, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 28 (3), 239-252, 2014
  110. Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus, MH England, S McGregor, P Spence, GA Meehl, A Timmermann, W Cai, Nature Climate Change 4 (3), 222-227, 2014
  111. Modeling Obliquity and CO2 Effects on Southern Hemisphere Climate during the Past 408 ka, A Timmermann, T Friedrich, OE Timm, MO Chikamoto, A Abe-Ouchi, Journal of Climate 27 (5), 1863-1875, 2014
  112. CO2 radiative forcing and Intertropical Convergence Zone influences on western Pacific warm pool climate over the past 400 ka, K Tachikawa, A Timmermann, L Vidal, C Sonzogni, OE Timm, Quaternary Science Reviews 86, 24-34, 2014
  113. Using palaeo-climate comparisons to constrain future projections in CMIP5, GA Schmidt, JD Annan, PJ Bartlein, BI Cook, E Guilyardi, JC Hargreaves, SP Harrison, M Kageyama, AN LeGrande, B Konecky, S Lovejoy, ME Mann, V Masson-Delmotte, C Risi, D Thompson, A Timmermann, LB Tremblay, and P Yiou, Climate of the Past 10 (1), 221-250, 2014
  114. Deglacial ice/sheet meltdown: orbital pacemaking and CO2 effects, M Heinemann, A Timmermann, OE Timm, F Saito, A Abe-Ouchi, Climate of the Past 10, 1567–1579, 2014
  115. An interhemispheric tropical sea level seesaw due to El Niño Taimasa, MJ Widlansky, A Timmermann, S McGregor, MF Stuecker, W Cai, Journal of Climate 27 (3), 1070-1081, 2014
  116. Dynamics of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Part 2: Forcing by winds and buoyancy, F Schloesser, R Furue, JP McCreary, A Timmermann, Progress in Oceanography 120, 154-176, 2014
  117. Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming, W Cai, S Borlace, M Lengaigne, P Van Rensch, M Collins, G Vecchi, A Timmermann, Nature Climate Change 4, 111-116, 2014
  118. Hindcasting the continuum of Dansgaard/Oeschger variability: mechanisms, patterns and timing, L Menviel, A Timmermann, T Friedrich, MH England, Climate of the Past 10 (1), 63-77, 2014
  119. Recent Walker circulation strengthening and Pacific cooling amplified by Atlantic warming, S McGregor, A Timmermann, MF Stuecker, MH England, M Merrifield, Nature Climate Change 4, doi:10.1038/nclimate2330, 2014
  120. ENSO seasonal synchronization theory, K Stein, A Timmermann, N Schneider, FF Jin, MF Stuecker, Journal of Climate, 27, 5285–5310, 2014
  121. Improved Representation of Tropical Pacific Ocean/Atmosphere Dynamics in an Intermediate Complexity Climate Model, RL Sriver, A Timmermann, ME Mann, K Keller, H Goosse, Journal of Climate 27 (1), 168-185, 2014
  122. Near collapse of the meridional SST gradient in the eastern equatorial Pacific during Heinrich Stadial 1, SS Kienast, T Friedrich, N Dubois, PS Hill, A Timmermann, AC Mix, , Paleoceanography 28 (4), 663-674, 2013
  123. Zonal phase propagation of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies: Revisited, J Boucharel, A Timmermann, FF Jin Geophysical Research Letters 40 (15), 4048-4053, 2013
  124. Information from paleoclimate archives. In Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeV Masson-Delmotte, M Schulz, A Abe-Ouchi, J Beer, A Ganopolski, JF González Rouco, E Jansen, K Lambeck, J Luterbacher, T Naish, T Osborn, B Otto-Bliesner, T Quinn, R Ramesh, M Rojas, X Shao, and A Timmermann, 2013:. T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Doschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex, and P.M. Midgley, Eds. Cambridge University Press, 383-464, doi::10.1017/CBO9781107415324.013.
  125. Inferred changes in El Niño-Southern Oscillation variance over the past six centuries, S McGregor, A Timmermann, MH England, O Elison Timm, AT Wittenberg, Climate of the Past 9 2269-2284, 2013.
  126. A combination mode of the annual cycle and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, MF Stuecker, A Timmermann, FF Jin, S McGregor, HL Ren, Nature Geoscience, 6, 540–544, 2013
  127. Estimated strength of the Atlantic overturning circulation during the last deglaciation, SP Ritz, TF Stocker, JO Grimalt, L Menviel, A Timmermann, Nature Geoscience, 6, 208–212, 2013
  128. Links between tropical rainfall and North Atlantic climate during the last glacial period, G Deplazes, A Lueckge, LC Peterson, A Timmermann, Y Hamann, KA Hughen, Nature Geoscience, 6, 213–217 ,2013
  129. Changes in South Pacific rainfall bands in a warming climate, MJ Widlansky, A Timmermann, K Stein, S McGregor, N Schneider, MH England, Nature Climate Change, 3, 417–423 , 2012
  130. Millennial-scale glacial meltwater pulses and their effect on the spatiotemporal benthic d18O variability, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, Paleoceanography 27 (3), doi: 10.1029/2012PA002330, 2012
  131. Dynamics of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Part 1: Buoyancy-forced response, F Schloesser, R Furue, JP McCreary Jr, A Timmermann, Progress in Oceanography 101 (1), 33-62, 2012
  132. More extreme swings of the South Pacific convergence zone due to greenhouse warming, W Cai, M Lengaigne, S Borlace, M Collins, T Cowan, MJ McPhaden, A Timmermann , Nature 488 (7411), 365-369,  2012
  133. The Effect of the South Pacific Convergence Zone on the Termination of El Niño Events and the Meridional Asymmetry of ENSO, S McGregor, A Timmermann, N Schneider, MF Stuecker, MH England, Journal of Climate 25 (16), 5566-5586, 2012
  134. Role of the Bering Strait on the hysteresis of the ocean conveyor belt circulation and glacial climate stability, A Hu, GA Meehl, W Han, A Timmermann, B Otto-Bliesner, Z Liu, WM Washington , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (17), 6417-6422, 2012
  135. Climate change dynamics of present and past in the North Pacific and its northern marginal seas, N Harada, K Takahashi, A Timmermann, T Sakamoto, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 1-3, 2012
  136. Sea surface temperature changes in the Okhotsk Sea and adjacent North Pacific during the last glacial maximum and deglaciation, N Harada, M Sato, O Seki, A Timmermann, H Moossen, J Bendle, Y Nakamura, K , Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 93-105, 2012
  137. Variability in North Pacific intermediate and deep water ventilation during Heinrich events in two coupled climate models, MO Chikamoto, L Menviel, A Abe-Ouchi, R Ohgaito, A Timmermann, Y Okazaki, N , Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 114-126, 2012
  138. Removing the North Pacific halocline: effects on global climate, ocean circulation and the carbon cycle, L Menviel, A Timmermann, O Elison Timm, A Mouchet, A Abe-Ouchi, MO Chikamoto , Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 61, 106-113, 2012
  139. Quantifying the ocean’s role in glacial CO2 reductions, MO Chikamoto, A Abe-Ouchi, A Oka, R Ohgaito, A Timmermann, Climate of the Past 8 (2), 545-563, 2012
  140. Regional Patterns of Tropical Indo-Pacific Climate Change: Evidence of the Walker Circulation Weakening, H Tokinaga, SP Xie, A Timmermann, S McGregor, T Ogata, H Kubota, YM Okumura, Journal of Climate 25 (5), 1689-1710, 2012
  141. Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents, L Wu, W Cai, L Zhang, H Nakamura, A Timmermann, T Joyce, MJ McPhaden, M  Nature Climate Change 2 (3), 161-166, 2012
  142. Detecting regional anthropogenic trends in ocean acidification against natural variability, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, A Abe-Ouchi, NR Bates, MO Chikamoto, MJ Church , Nature Climate Change 2 (3), 167-171, 2012
  143. Impacts of ocean gateway and basin width on tertiary tropical climate variability in a prototype model, SI An, JH Park, BM Kim, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Theoretical and Applied Climatology 107 (1-2), 155-164, 2012
  144. The effect of topography-enhanced diapycnal mixing on ocean and atmospheric circulation and marine biogeochemistry, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, T Decloedt, DS Luther, A Mouchet, Ocean Modelling 39 (3), 262-274, 2011
  145. Phase synchronization of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation with the annual cycle, K Stein, A Timmermann, N Schneider, Physical Review Letters 107 (12), 128501, 2011
  146. Reduced interannual rainfall variability in East Africa during the last ice age, C Wolff, GH Haug, A Timmermann, JSS Damst_, A Brauer, DM Sigman, MA Cane, D , Science 333 (6043), 743-747, 2011
  147. Evidence for 800years of North Atlantic multi-decadal variability from a Puerto Rican speleothem, A Winter, T Miller, Y Kushnir, A Sinha, A Timmermann, MR Jury, C Gallup, H , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 308 (1), 23-28, 2011
  148. Deconstructing the Last Glacial termination: the role of millennial and orbital-scale forcings, L Menviel, A Timmermann, OE Timm, A Mouchet, Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (9), 1155-1172, 2011
  149. The effect of explosive tropical volcanism on ENSO, S McGregor, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 24 (8), 2178-2191, 2011
  150. Interactions between marine biota and ENSO: a conceptual model analysis, M Heinemann, A Timmermann, U Feudel, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 18 (1), 29-40, 2011
  151. Hypothesized link between glacial/interglacial atmospheric CO2 cycles and storage/release of CO2-rich fluids from deep-sea sediments, L Stott, A Timmermann, Geophysical Monograph Series 193, 123-138, 2011
  152. Promotion of glacial ice sheet buildup 60?115 kyr BP by precessionally paced Northern Hemispheric meltwater pulses, A Timmermann, J Knies, OE Timm, A Abe-Ouchi, T Friedrich, Paleoceanography 25 (4), 2010
  153. Climate and biogeochemical response to a rapid melting of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet during interglacials and implications for future climate, L Menviel, A Timmermann, OE Timm, A Mouchet, Paleoceanography 25 (4), 2010
  154. Geochemical and climate modeling evidence for Holocene aridification in Hawaii: dynamic response to a weakening equatorial cold tongue, J Uchikawa, BN Popp, JE Schoonmaker, A Timmermann, SJ Lorenz, Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (23), 3057-3066, 2010
  155. Seasonal Synchronization of ENSO Events in a Linear Stochastic Model, K Stein, N Schneider, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Journal of Climate 23 (21), 5629-5643, 2010
  156. Warming seas in the Coral Triangle: coral reef vulnerability and management implications, E McLeod, R Moffitt, A Timmermann, R Salm, L Menviel, MJ Palmer, ER Selig , Coastal Management 38 (5), 518-539, 2010
  157. The mechanism behind internally generated centennial-to-millennial scale climate variability in an earth system model of intermediate complexity, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, L Menviel, O Elison Timm, A Mouchet, DM Roche, Geoscientific Model Development 3 (2), 377-389, 2010
  158. Wind effects on past and future regional Sea level trends in the Southern Indo-Pacific, A Timmermann, S McGregor, FF Jin, Journal of Climate 23 (16), 4429-4437, 2010
  159. Deepwater formation in the North Pacific during the last glacial termination, Y Okazaki, A Timmermann, L Menviel, N Harada, A Abe-Ouchi, MO Chikamoto, A , Science 329 (5988), 200-204, 2010
  160. Early Pliocene increase in thermohaline overturning: A precondition for the development of the modern equatorial Pacific cold tongue, S Steph, R Tiedemann, M Prange, J Groeneveld, M Schulz, A Timmermann, D , Paleoceanography 25 (2), 2010
  161. The impact of global warming on the tropical Pacific Ocean and El Niño, M Collins, SI An, W Cai, A Ganachaud, E Guilyardi, FF Jin, M Jochum, M Lengaigne, S Power, A Timmermann, Nature Geoscience 3 (6), 391-397, 2010
  162. Reconstructing surface temperature changes over the past 600 years using climate model simulations with data assimilation, H Goosse, E Crespin, A de Montety, ME Mann, H Renssen, A Timmermann, Journal of Geophysical Research 115 (D9), D09108, 2010
  163. Mechanisms for the Onset of the African Humid Period and Sahara Greening 14.5-11 ka BP, Timm, P Koehler, A Timmermann, L Menviel, Journal of Climate 23 (10), 2612-2633, 2010
  164. Impact of diurnal atmosphere-ocean coupling on tropical climate simulations using a coupled GCM, YG Ham, JS Kug, IS Kang, FF Jin, A Timmermann, Climate Dynamics 34 (6), 905-917, 2010
  165. The inverse effect of annual-mean state and annual-cycle changes on ENSO, SI An, YG Ham, JS Kug, A Timmermann, J Choi, IS Kang, Journal of Climate 23 (5), 1095-1110, 2010
  166. Towards a quantitative understanding of millennial-scale Antarctic warming events, A Timmermann, L Menviel, Y Okumura, A Schilla, U Merkel, O Timm, A Hu, B , Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (1), 74-85, 2010
  167. A unified proxy for ENSO and PDO variability since 1650, S McGregor, A Timmermann, O Timm, Climate of the Past 6 (1), 1-17, 2010
  168. Orbital modulation of millennial-scale climate variability in an earth system model of intermediate complexity, T Friedrich, A Timmermann, O Timm, A Mouchet, DM Roche, Climate of the Past Discussions 5 (4), 2019-2051, 2009
  169. What Drives Climate Flip-Flops?, A Timmermann, L Menviel, Science 325 (5938), 273-274, 2009
  170. Effects of biologically induced differential heating in an eddy/permitting coupled ocean-ecosystem model, U Loeptien, C Eden, A Timmermann, H Dietze, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978-2012) 114 (C6) , 2009
  171. Radiocarbon age anomaly at intermediate water depth in the Pacific Ocean during the last deglaciation, L Stott, J Southon, A Timmermann, A Koutavas, Paleoceanography 24 (2), doi: 10.1029/2008PA001690, 2009
  172. The Roles of CO2 and Orbital Forcing in Driving Southern Hemispheric Temperature Variations during the Last 21 000 Yr, A Timmermann, O Timm, L Stott, L Menviel, Journal of Climate 22 (7), 1626-1640, 2009
  173. North Pacific climate response to freshwater forcing in the subarctic North Atlantic: Oceanic and atmospheric pathways, YM Okumura, C Deser, A Hu, A Timmermann, SP Xie, Journal of Climate 22 (6), 1424-1445, 2009
  174. A mid-Holocene transition in the nitrogen dynamics of the western equatorial Pacific: Evidence of a deepening thermocline? M Kienast, MF Lehmann, A Timmermann, E Galbraith, T Bolliet, A Holbourn, C , Geophysical Research Letters 35 (23), L23610, 2008
  175. Climate and marine carbon cycle response to changes in the strength of the Southern Hemispheric westerlies, L Menviel, A Timmermann, A Mouchet, O Timm, Paleoceanography 23 (4), 2008
  176. Influences of Atlantic Climate Change on the Tropical Pacific via the Central American Isthmus, SP Xie, Y Okumura, T Miyama, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 21 (15), 3914-3928, 2008
  177. On the definition of seasons in paleoclimate simulations with orbital forcing, Timm, A Timmermann, A Abe-Ouchi, F Saito, T Segawa, Paleoceanography 23 (2), PA2221, 2008
  178. Meridional reorganizations of marine and terrestrial productivity during Heinrich events, L Menviel, A Timmermann, A Mouchet, O Timm, Paleoceanography 23 (1), 2008
  179. Effects of Salt Compensation on the Climate Model Response in Simulations of Large Changes of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, TF Stocker, A Timmermann, M Renold, O Timm, Journal of Climate 20 (24), 5912-5928, 2007
  180. Eastern tropical Pacific hydrologic changes during the past 27,000 years from D/H ratios in alkenones, K Pahnke, JP Sachs, L Keigwin, A Timmermann, SP Xie, Paleoceanography 22 (4), 2007
  181. Southern hemisphere and deep-sea warming led deglacial atmospheric CO2 rise and tropical warming, L Stott, A Timmermann, R Thunell, Science 318 (5849), 435-438, 2007
  182. Tropical air-sea interactions accelerate the recovery of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation after a major shutdown, U Krebs, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 20 (19), 4940-4956 , 2007
  183. The influence of a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ENSO, A Timmermann, Y Okumura, SI An, A Clement, B Dong, E Guilyardi, A Hu, JH , Journal of Climate 20 (19), 4899-4919, 2007
  184. Simulation of the Last 21 000 Years Using Accelerated Transient Boundary Conditions, Timm, A Timmermann, Journal of Climate 20 (17), 4377-4401, 2007
  185. The effect of orbital forcing on the mean climate and variability of the tropical Pacific, A Timmermann, SJ Lorenz, SI An, A Clement, SP Xie, Journal of Climate 20 (16), 4147-4159, 2007
  186.  Modulation of the bipolar seesaw in the Southeast Pacific during Termination 1, F Lamy, J Kaiser, HW Arz, D Hebbeln, U Ninnemann, O Timm, A Timmermann, JR , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 259 (3), 400-413, 2007
  187.  Fast advective recovery of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation after a Heinrich event, U Krebs, A Timmermann, Paleoceanography 22 (1), doi: 10.1029/2005PA001259, 2007
  188.  The Influence of ENSO on the Generation of Decadal Variability in the North Pacific, SI An, JS Kug, A Timmermann, IS Kang, O Timm, Journal of Climate 20 (4), 667-680, 2007
  189.  Ensemble-mean dynamics of the ENSO recharge oscillator under state-dependent stochastic forcing, FF Jin, L Lin, A Timmermann, J Zhao, Geophysical Research Letters 34 (3), 2007
  190. Using paleoclimate proxy-data to select optimal realisations in an ensemble of simulations of the climate of the past millennium, H Goosse, H Renssen, A Timmermann, RS Bradley, ME Mann, Climate Dynamics 27 (2-3), 165-184, 2006
  191. Sub-Milankovitch cycles in periplatform carbonates from the early Pliocene Great Bahama Bank, L Reuning, JJG Reijmer, C Betzler, A Timmermann, S Steph, Paleoceanography 21 (1), 2006
  192. Predictability of coupled processes, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Predictability of Weather and Climate, 251-274, 2006
  193. An initial intercomparison of atmospheric and oceanic climatology for the ICE-5G and ICE-4G models of LGM paleotopography, F Justino, A Timmermann, U Merkel, WR Peltier, Journal of Climate 19 (1), 3-14, 2006
  194. The origin of the” European Medieval Warm Period”, H Goosse, O Arzel, J Luterbacher, ME Mann, H Renssen, N Riedwyl, A Timmermann, E Xoplaki, H Wanner, Climate of the Past 2, 99-113, 2006
  195. Mechanisms for millennial-scale global synchronization during the last glacial period, A Timmermann, U Krebs, F Justino, H Goosse, T Ivanochko, Paleoceanography 20 (4), doi: 10.1029/2004PA0010902005, 2005
  196. Synoptic Reorganization of Atmospheric Flow during the Last Glacial Maximum, F Justino, A Timmermann, U Merkel, EP Souza, Journal of climate 18 (15), 2826-2846, 2005
  197. ENSO Suppression due to Weakening of the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation, A Timmermann, SI An, U Krebs, H Goosse, Journal of Climate 18 (16), 3122-3139, 2005
  198. Internal and forced climate variability during the last millennium: a model-data comparison using ensemble simulations, H Goosse, H Renssen, A Timmermann, RS Bradley, Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (12), 1345-1360, 2005
  199. Biophysical feedbacks in the tropical Pacific, B Marzeion, A Timmermann, R Murtugudde, FF Jin, Journal of Climate 18 (1), 58-70, 2005
  200. An organizing center for thermohaline excitability, J Abshagen, A Timmermann, Journal of Physical Oceanography 34 (12), 2756-2760, 2004
  201. Modeling evidence for enhanced El Niño-Southern Oscillation amplitude during the Last Glacial Maximum, SI An, A Timmermann, L Bejarano, FF Jin, F Justino, Z Liu, AW Tudhope,Paleoceanography 19 (4), 2004
  202. Glacial-interglacial contrast in climate variability at centennial-to-millennial timescales: observations and conceptual model, M Schulz, A Paul, A Timmermann, Quaternary Science Reviews 23 (20), 2219-2230, 2004
  203. Nonlinear dimensionality reduction in climate data, AJ Gamez, CS Zhou, A Timmermann, J Kurths, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 11 (3), 393-398, 2004
  204. Surface temperature control in the North and tropical Pacific during the last glacial maximum, A Timmermann, F Justino, FF Jin, U Krebs, H Goosse, Climate dynamics 23 (3-4), 353-370, 2004
  205. Strong hemispheric coupling of glacial climate through freshwater discharge and ocean circulation, R Knutti, J Flueckiger, TF Stocker, A Timmermann, Nature 430 (7002), 851-856, 2004
  206. The influence of the Galapagos Islands on tropical temperatures, currents and the generation of tropical instability waves, C Eden, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters 31 (15), 2004
  207. Intensification of the annual cycle in the tropical Pacific due to greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, FF Jin, M Collins, Geophysical Research Letters 31 (12), 2004
  208. Is the wind stress forcing essential for the meridional overturning circulation?, A Timmermann, H Goosse, Geophysical Research Letters 31 (4), 2004
  209.  Coherent resonant millennial-scale climate oscillations triggered by massive meltwater pulses, A Timmermann, H Gildor, M Schulz, E Tziperman, Journal of Climate 16 (15), 2569-2585, 2003
  210. Decadal ENSO amplitude modulations: A nonlinear paradigm, A Timmermann, Global and Planetary Change 37 (1), 135-156, 2003
  211. Potential feedbacks between Pacific Ocean ecosystems and interdecadal climate variations, AJ Miller, MA Alexander, GJ Boer, F Chai, K Denman, DJ Erickson III, R Frouin, A. Gabruc, EA Laws, MR Lewis, Z Liu, R Murtugudde, S Nakamoto, DJ Neilson, JR Norris, JC Ohlmann, RI Perry, N Schneider, KM Shell, A Timmermann, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84 (5), 617-633, 2003
  212. Strong El Niño events and nonlinear dynamical heating, FF Jin, SI An, A Timmermann, J Zhao, Geophysical research letters 30 (3), 20-1-20-1, 2003
  213. Cyclic Markov Chains with an Application to ENSO Predictability, R Pasmanter, A Timmermann, Nonlinear Processes Geophysics, 201-214, 2003
  214. A nonlinear theory for El Niño bursting, A Timmermann, FF Jin, J Abshagen, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60 (1), 152-165, 2003
  215. Relaxation oscillators in concert: A framework for climate change at millennial timescales during the late Pleistocene, M Schulz, A Paul, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters 29 (24), 2193, 2002
  216. Phytoplankton influences on tropical climate, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Geophysical Research Letters 29 (23), 2104, 2002
  217. Comments on “Noise-induced transitions in a simplified model of the thermohaline circulation” AH Monahan, A Timmermann, G Lohmann, Journal of Physical Oceanography 32 (3), 1112-1116, 2002
  218. A nonlinear mechanism for decadal El Niño amplitude changes, A Timmermann, FF Jin, Geophysical Research Letters 29 (1), 1003, 2002
  219. Empirical dynamical system modeling of ENSO using nonlinear inverse techniques, A Timmermann, HU Voss, R Pasmanter, Journal of Physical Oceanography 31 (6), 1579-1598, 2001
  220. Changes of ENSO stability due to greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, Geophysical Research Letters 28 (10), 2061-2064, 2001
  221. . Noise-induced transitions in a simplified model of the thermohaline circulation, A Timmermann, G Lohmann, Journal of Physical Oceanography 30 (8), 1891-1900, 2000
  222. Modes of climate variability as simulated by a coupled general circulation model. Part I: ENSO-like climate variability and its low-frequency modulation, A Timmermann, M Latif, A Groetzner, R Voss, Climate Dynamics 15 (8), 605-618, 1999
  223.  Interannual to decadal predictability in a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model, A Groetzner, M Latif, A Timmermann, R Voss, Journal of Climate 12 (8), 2607-2624, 1999
  224.  Detecting the nonstationary response of ENSO to greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 56 (14), 2313-2325, 1999
  225.  Increased El Niño frequency in a climate model forced by future greenhouse warming, A Timmermann, J Oberhuber, A Bacher, M Esch, M Latif, E Roeckner, Nature 398 (6729), 694-697, 1999
  226.  Northern hemispheric interdecadal variability: a coupled air-sea mode, A Timmermann, M Latif, R Voss, A Groetzner, Journal of Climate 11 (8), 1906-1931, 1998
  227.  Thermal photon production in heavy-ion collisions, N Arbex, U Ornik, M Pluemer, A Timmermann, RM Weiner, Physics Letters B 345 (3), 307-312, 1995
  228.  Photon interferometry of quark-gluon dynamics reexamined, A Timmermann, M Pluemer, L Razumov, RM Weiner, Physical Review C 5