Malte Stuecker

Assistant Project Leader


Phone: +82-51-510-7862

Research Interests

  • Dynamics and predictability of large-scale climate variability (e.g., El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Asian Monsoon, Multi-decadal variability, ice-ocean-atmosphere interactions)
  • Interactions of climate variability with other components of the Earth System (including the carbon cycle and the anthroposphere)
  • Climate variability and its role in the Earth System in the past and in response to greenhouse warming


2015 Ph.D. Meteorology, University of Hawaiʻi (UH) at Mānoa
2009 German Diplom Marine Environmental Sciences (combined B.Sc./M.Sc. degree), C.v.O. University Oldenburg

Work Experience

2018 Present Assistant Project Leader (Research Professor), leading the "Tropical climate dynamics: past, present, future" group at the IBS Center for Climate Physics (ICCP), Pusan National University
2016 2018 NOAA Climate & Global Change Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington
2015 2017 NOAA Affiliate, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)
2015 2016 Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, UH Mānoa

Fellowships, Awards, and Honors

2018 STS forum (Science and Technology in Society forum - Future Leaders Program) invitee, Kyoto, Japan
2016 EGU Outstanding Young Scientist Award of the ”Climate: Past, Present & Future (CL)” Division
2016 NOAA Climate & Global Change postdoctoral fellowship recipient
2016 EGU Outstanding Student Poster and PICO (OSPP) Award of the ”Nonlinear Processes in Geosciences (NP)” Division
2015 Best Student Presentation, ENSO workshop at the University of New South Wales
2009 M.Sc. degree: Excellent with Distinction (highest grade awarded by the University)


  1. Pacific meridional mode-western North Pacific tropical cyclone linkage explained by tropical Pacific quasi-decadal variability, Liu, C., W. Zhang, M. F. Stuecker, F.-F. Jin, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi: 10.1029/2019GL085340 (2019)
  2. Impacts of Central Pacific El Niño on Southern China spring precipitation controlled by its longitudinal position, Jiang, F., W. Zhang, X. Geng, M. F. Stuecker, and C. Liu, J. Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0266.1 (2019)
  3. Improved predictability of the Indian Ocean Dipole using seasonally modulated ENSO forcing forecasts, Zhao, S., F.-F. Jin, and M. F. Stuecker, Geophysical Research Letters, dos: 10.1029/2019GL084196 (2019)
  4. El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Theory, N. Chen, S. Thual, M. F. Stuecker, Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.11765-8 (2019)
  5. ENSO regime changes responsible for decadal phase relationship variations between ENSO sea surface temperature and warm water volume, Wenjun Zhang, Sixu Li, Fei-Fei Jin, Ruihuang Xie, Chao Liu,M. F. Stuecker, Aoyun Xue. Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 46, 13, 7546-7553, DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082943 (2019)
  6. Diagnosing the representation and causes of the ENSO Persistence Barrier in CMIP5 simulations, Tian, B., H.-L. Ren, F.-F. Jin, M. F. Stuecker, Climate Dynamics, in press (2019)
  7. Different effects of two ENSO types on Arctic surface temperature in boreal winter, Li, Z., W. Zhang, M. F. Stuecker, H. Xu, F.-F. Jin, and C. Liu, Journal of Climate, in press (2019)
  8. Modulation of Tropical Cyclones in the Southeastern part of the Western North Pacific by tropical Pacific decadal variability, Liu, C., W. Zhang, X. Geng, M. F. Stuecker, and F.-F. Jin, Climate Dynamics, in press (2019)
  9. Pantropical climate interactions, W. Cai, L. Wu, M. Lengaigne, T. Li, S. McGregor, J.-S. Kug, J.-Y. Yu, M F. Stuecker, A. Santoso, X. Li, Y.-G. Ham, Y. Chikamoto, B. Ng, M. J. McPhaden, Y. Du, D. Dommenget, F. Jia, J. B. Kajtar, N. Keenlyside, X. Lin, J.-J. Luo, M. Martín-Rey, Y. Ruprich-Robert, G. Wang, S.-P. Xie, Y. Yang, S. M. Kang, J.-Y. Choi, B. Gan, G.-I. Kim, C.-E.Kim, S. Kim, J.-H. Kim, P. Chang, Science, 363(6430), doi: 10.1126/science.aav4236 (2019)
  10. Polar amplification dominated by local forcing and feedbacks, M F. Stuecker, C. M. Bitz, K. C. Armour, C. Proistosescu, S. M. Kang, S-P. Xie, D. Kim, S. McGregor, W. Zhang, S. Zhao, W. Cai, Y. Dong, F-F. Jin, Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/s41558-018-0339-y (2018)
  11. Climate variability impacts on rice production in the Philippines, M F. Stuecker, M Tigchelaar, M B Kantar, PLoS ONE 13(8), e0201426, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201426 (2018)
  12. El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity, A Timmermann, S-I An, J-S Kug, F-F Jin, W Cai, A Capotondi, K Cobb, M Lengaigne, M J. McPhaden, M F. Stuecker, K Stein, A T. Wittenberg, K-S Yun, T Bayr, H-C Chen, Y Chikamoto, B Dewitte, D Dommenget, P Grothe, E Guilyardi, Y-G Ham, M Hayashi, S Ineson, D Kang, S Kim, WM Kim, J-Y Lee, T Li, J-J Luo, S McGregor, Y Planton, S Power, H Rashid, H-L Ren, A Santoso, K Takahashi, A Todd, G Wang, G Wang, R Xie, W-H Yang, S-W Yeh, J Yoon, E Zeller, X Zhang, Nature 559, 535-545, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6 (2018)
  13. Proistosescu, C., A. Donohoe, K. C. Armour, G. Roe, M. F. Stuecker, and C. M. Bitz (2018), Radiative feedbacks from stochastic variability in surface temperature and radiative imbalance, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2018GL077678
  14. McGregor, S., M. F. Stuecker, J. B. Kajtar, M. H. England, and M. Collins (2018): Model Tropical Atlantic biases underpin diminished Pacific decadal variability, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0163-4
  15. Zhang, W., Z. Wang, M. F. Stuecker, A. G. Turner, F.-F. Jin, and X. Geng (2018): Impact of ENSO longitudinal position on teleconnections to the NAO, Clim Dyn, doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4135-1
  16. Stuecker, M. F. (2018): Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode, Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-21537-0
  17. Park, K., S. M. Kang, D. Kim, M. F. Stuecker, and F.-F. Jin (2018): Contrasting local and remote effects of surface heating on polar warming and amplification, J. Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0600.1
  18. Geng, X., W. Zhang, F.-F. Jin, and M. F. Stuecker (2018): A new method for interpreting nonstationary running correlations and its application to the ENSO-EAWM relationship, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 327-334, doi:10.1002/2017GL076564 
  19. Kang, S. M., K. Park, F.-F. Jin, and M. F. Stuecker (2017), Common warming pattern emerges irrespective of forcing location, J Adv Model Earth Sy, 9, 2413-2424, doi:10.1002/2017MS001083
  20. Stuecker, M. F., C. M. Bitz, and K. C. Armour (2017), Conditions leading to the unprecedented low Antarctic sea ice extent during the 2016 austral spring season, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1002/2017GL074691
  21. Geng, X., W. Zhang, M. F. Stuecker, and F.-F. Jin (2017), Strong sub-seasonal wintertime cooling over East Asia and Northern Europe associated with super El Niño events, Scientific Reports, 7:3770, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03977-2
  22. Stuecker, M. F., A. Timmermann, F.-F. Jin, Y. Chikamoto, W. Zhang, A. T. Wittenberg, E. Widiasih, and S. Zhao (2017), Revisiting ENSO/Indian Ocean Dipole phase relationships, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL072308
  23. Levine, A. F. Z., F.-F. Jin, and M. F. Stuecker (2017), A simple approach to quantifying the noise-ENSO interaction. Part II: the role of coupling between the warm Pool and equatorial zonal wind anomalies, Clim Dyn, 48, 19–37, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3268-3
  24. Geng, X., W. Zhang, M. F. Stuecker, P. Liu, F.-F. Jin, and G. Tan (2016), Decadal modulation of the ENSO-East Asian winter monsoon relationship by the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Clim Dyn, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3465-0
  25. Zhang, W., F.-F. Jin, M. F. Stuecker, A. T. Wittenberg, A. Timmermann, H.-L. Ren, J.-S. Kug, W. Cai, and M. Cane (2016), Unraveling El Niño’s Impact on the East Asian Monsoon and Yangtze River Summer Flooding, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1002/2016GL071190
  26. Stuecker, M. F., F.-F. Jin, A. Timmermann, and S. McGregor (2016), Reply to ”Comments on ’Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone’”, J. Climate, 29, 4695–4706, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0558.1
  27. Zhang, W., H. Li, M. F. Stuecker, F.-F. Jin, and A. G. Turner (2016), A New Understanding of El Niño’s Impact over East Asia: Dominance of the ENSO Combination Mode, J. Climate, 29, 4347–4359, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0104.1
  28. Stuecker, M. F., F.-F. Jin, and A. Timmermann (2015), El Niño-Southern Oscillation frequency cascade, Proceedings of the National Academies of the Sciences, 112, 13490–13495, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1508622112
  29. Stuecker, M. F., A. Timmermann, J. Yoon, and F.-F. Jin (2015), Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation (TBO) indistinguishable from white noise, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 7785–7791, doi: 10.1002/2015GL065878
  30. 11. Zhang, W., Y. Wang, F.-F. Jin, M. F. Stuecker, and A. G. Turner (2015), Impact of different El Niño types on the El Niño/IOD relationship, Geophys.Res.Lett., 42, 8570–8576, doi:10.1002/2015GL065703
  31. Ren, H.-L., J. Zuo, F.-F. Jin, and M. F. Stuecker (2015), ENSO and annual cycle interaction: The combination mode representation in CMIP5 models, Clim Dyn, 46, 3753–3765, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2802-z
  32. Zhang, W., H. Li, F.-F. Jin, M. F. Stuecker, A. G. Turner, and N. Klingaman (2015), The Annual-Cycle Modulation of Meridional Asymmetry in ENSO’s Atmospheric Response and Its Dependence on ENSO Zonal Structure, J. Climate, 28, 5795–5812, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00724.1
  33. Stuecker, M. F., F.-F. Jin, A. Timmermann, and S. McGregor (2015), Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone, J. Climate, 28,1093–1111, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00225.1
  34. McGregor, S., A. Timmermann, M. F. Stuecker, M. H. England, M. Merrifield, F.-F. Jin, and Y. Chikamoto (2014), Recent Walker circulation strengthening and Pacific cooling amplified by Atlantic warming, Nature Climate Change, 4, 888–892, doi:10.1038/nclimate2330
  35. Stein, K., A. Timmermann, N. Schneider, F.-F. Jin, and M. F. Stuecker (2014), ENSO seasonal synchronization theory, J. Climate, 27, 5285–5310, doi:
  36. Widlansky, M., A. Timmermann, S. McGregor, M. F. Stuecker, and W. Cai (2014), An interhemispheric tropical sea level seesaw due to El Niño Taimasa, J.Climate, 27, 1070–1081, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00276.1
  37. Ren, Hong-Li, F.-F. Jin, M. F. Stuecker, and R. Xie (2013), ENSO Regime Change since the Late 1970s as Manifested by Two Types of ENSO, Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 91, 835–842, doi:10.2151/jmsj.2013-608
  38. Stuecker, M. F., A. Timmermann, F.-F. Jin, S. McGregor, and H.-L. Ren (2012), A Combination Mode of Annual Cycle and the El Niño – Southern Oscillation, Nature Geoscience, 6, 540–544, doi:10.1038/ngeo1826
  39. McGregor, S., A. Timmermann, N. Schneider, M. F. Stuecker, and M. H. England (2012), The effect of the South Pacific Convergence Zone on the termination of El Niño events and the meridional asymmetry of ENSO, J. Climate, 25, 5566– 5586, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00332.1
  40. Stuecker, M. F., and R. E. Zeebe (2010), Ocean chemistry and atmospheric CO2 sensitivity to carbon perturbations throughout the Cenozoic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L03609, doi:10.1029/2009GL041436