키스 로저스 Keith Rodgers

Profile picture Keith Rodgers

Senior Researcher

Email: krodgers@pusan.ac.kr

Phone: +82-51-510-7863

Research Interests

My research focuses on two main themes: the role of the ocean in the climate system, and the way in which climate change may impact ocean ecosystems.

  • For the first of these themes, my primary interest is in understanding how the marine carbon cycle couples with the physical components of the climate system, and how this may impact or amplify the sensitivity of the climate system to increasing CO2 emissions.
  • For the second theme, my current work focuses on applying large ensemble methods with Earth system models to better constrain how ecosystem stressors (warming, de-oxygenation, acidification) will evolve under future climate perturbations.


1998 Ph.D. Oceanography, Columbia University
1997 M.Phil., Oceanography, Columbia University
1992 M. S., Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University
1988 B.A. Physics, Reed College

Work Experience

2018 Present IBS Center for Climate Physics, Busan, and Pusan National University
2011 2018 Research Scientist, AOS Program, Princeton University
2005 2011 Research Scholar, AOS Program, Princeton University
2000 2005 Post-doc, LODYC and LSCE, France
1998 1999 Post-doc, Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Germany
1992 1998 Graduate Research Assistant, Columbia University


Journal Articles

  1. Sahil Sharma, Kyung-Ja Ha, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Keith B. Rodgers, Euiseok Chung. (2023), Future Indian Ocean Warming patterns, Nature Communications, 14, article 1789, doi:10.1038/s41467-023-37435-7
  2. Natacha Le Griz, Jakob Zscheischler, Keith B. Rodgers, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Thomas L. Frölicher. (2022), Hotspots and drivers of compound marine heatwaves and low net primary production extremes, Biogeosciences, vol. 19, 24, pp. 5807 – 5835, doi: 10.5194/bg-19-5807-2022
  3. Lei Huang, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Keith B. Rodgers, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Eui-Seok Chung. (2022), Emerging unprecedented lake ice loss in climate change projections, Nature Communications, vol. 13, 1, article 5798, doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-33495-3
  4. R. Iestyn Woolway, Lei Huang, Sapna Sharma, Sun-Seon Lee, Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann.(2022), Lake ice will be less safe for recreation and transportation under future warming, Earth’s Future, vol.10, 10, e2022EF002907, doi: 10.1029/2022EF002907
  5. Benjamin D. Santer, Stephen Po-Chedley, Nicole Fell, John C. Fyfe, Qiang Fu, Susan Solomon, Mark England, Keith B. Rodgers, Malte F. Stuecker, Carl Mears, Cheng-Zhi Zou, Céline J. W. Bonfils, Giuliana Pallota, Mark D. Zelnika, Nan Rosenbloom, Jim Edwards. (2022), Robust Anthropogenic Signal Identified in the Seasonal Cycle of Tropospheric Temperature, Journal of Climate, vol. 35, 18, pp. 6075 – 6100, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0766.1
  6. William R. Wieder, Daniel Kennedy, Flavio Lehner, Keith N. Musselman, Keith B. Rodgers, Nan Rosenbloom, Isla R. Simpson, Ryohei Yamaguchi. (2022), Pervasive alterations to snow-dominated ecosystem functions under climate change, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 119, 30, e2202393119, doi: 10.1073/pnas.2202393119
  7. Andrea J. Fassbender, Sarah Schlunegger, Keith B. Rodgers, John P. Dunne. (2022), Quantifying the Role of Seasonality in the Marine Carbon Cycle Feedback: An ESM2M Case Study, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 36, 6, e2021GB007018, doi: 10.1029/2021GB007018
  8. Ryohei Yamaguchi,  Keith B. Rodgers, Axel Timmermann, Karl J. Stein, Sarah  Schlunegger, Daniele Bianchi, John P. Dunne, and Richard Slater. (2022), Trophic level decoupling drives future changes in phytoplankton bloom phenology, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, pp. 469-476, doi: 10.1038/s41558-022-01353-1
  9. Eui-Seok Chung, Seong-Joong Kim, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Ja Ha, Sang-Ki Lee, Malte F. Stuecker, Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Lei Huang. (2022), Antarctic sea ice expansion and Southern Ocean cooling linked to tropical variability, Nature Climate Change, vol. 12, pp. 461-468, doi: 10.1038/s41558-022-01339-z
  10. Jennifer E. Kay, Patricia DeRepentigny, Marika M. Holland, David A. Bailey, Alice K. DuVivier, Ed Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, Clara Deser, Alexandra Jahn, Hansi Singh, Madison M. Smith, Melinda A. Webster, Jim Edwards, Sun-Seon Lee, Keith B. Rodgers, and Nan Rosenbloom. (2022), Less Surface Sea Ice Melt in the CESM2 Improves Arctic Sea Ice Simulation With Minimal Non-Polar Climate Impacts, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol. 14, 4, e2021MS002679, doi: 10.1029/2021MS002679
  11. Keith B. Rodgers, Sun-Seon Lee, Nan Rosenbloom, Axel Timmermann, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Clara Deser, Jim Edwards, Ji-Eun Kim, Isla R. Simpson, Karl Stein, Malte F. Stuecker, Ryohei Yamaguchi, Tamas Bodai, Eui-Seok Chung, Lei Huang, Who M. Kim, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Danica L. Lombardozzi, William R. Wider, and Stephen G. Yeager. (2021), Ubiquity of human-induced changes in climate variability, Earth System Dynamics, vol.12, 4, pp. 1393-1411, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-1393-2021
  12. Eric J. Morgan, Manfredi Manizza, Ralph F. Keeling, Laure Resplandy, Sara E. Mikaloff-Fletcher, Cynthia D. Nevison, Yuming Jin, Jonathan D. Bent, Olivier Aumont, Scott C. Doney, John P. Dunne, Jasmin John, Ivan D. Lima, Matthew C. Long, Keith B. Rodgers (2021), An atmospheric constraint on the seasonal air–sea exchange of oxygen and heat in the extratropics, JGR Oceans, vol.126, 8, e2021JC017510, doi: 10.1029/2021JC017510.
  13. Lucas Gloege, Galen A. McKinley, Peter Landschütxer, Amanda R. Fay, Thomas L. Frölicher, John C. Fyfe, Tatiana Ilyina, Steve Jones, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Keith B. Rodgers, Sarah Schlunegger, Yohei Takano (2021), Quantifying errors in observationally-based estimates of ocean carbon sink variability, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 35(4), e2020GB006788, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006788.
  14. Schlunegger, S., K.B. Rodgers, J.L. Sarmiento,T. Ilyina, J. Dunne, Y. Takano, J.Christian, M.C. Long, T.L. Frölicher, R. Slater, and F. Lehner (2020), Time of Emergence and Large Ensemble Intercomparison for Ocean Biogeochemical Trends, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34(8), e2019GB006453, doi: 10.1029/2019GB006453.
  15. Ishii, M., K.B. Rodgers, H.Y. Inoue, K. Toyama, D. Sasano, N. Kosugi, H. Ono, K. Enyo, T. Nakano, D. Iudicone, B. Blanke, O. Aumont, and R.A. Feely (2020), Ocean Acidification from Below in the Tropical Pacific, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34(8), doi: 10.1029/2019GB006368.
  16. Rodgers, K.B., S. Schlunegger, R.D. Slater, M. Ishii, T.L. Frölicher, K. Toyama, Y. Plancherel, O. Aumont, and A.J. Fassbinder (2020), Reemergence of anthropogenic carbon into the ocean’s mixed layer strongly amplifies transient climate sensitivity, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(18), e2020GL089275, doi: 10.1029/2020GL089275.
  17. Rodgers, K.B., M. Ishii, T. Frölicher, S. Schlunegger, O. Aumont, K. Toyama, and R.D. Slater (2020), Coupling of Surface Ocean Heat and Carbon Perturbations Over the Subtropical Cells under 21st Century Climate Change, Journal of Climate, 33(23), 10321-10338, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-1022.1.
  18. T. L. Frölicher, L. Ramseyer, C. C. Raible, K. B. Rodgers, and J. Dunne (2020), Potential Predictability of marine ecosystem drivers, Biogeosciences, 17(7), 2061-2083, doi: 10.5194/bg-17-2061-2020.
  19. C. Deser, F. Lehner, K. B. Rodgers, T. Ault, T. L. Delworth, P. N. DiNezio, A. Fiore, C. Frankignoul, J. C. Fyfe, D. E. Horton, J. E. Kay, R. Knutti, N. S. Lovenduski, J. Marotzke, K. A. McKinnon, S. Minobe, J. Randerson, J. A. Screen, I. R. Simpson, and M. Ting (2020), Insights from Earth system model initial-condition large ensembles and future prospects, Nature Climate Change, 10, 277-286, doi: 10.1038/s41558-020-0731-2.
  20. Eddebbar, Y., K. Rodgers, M. Long, A. Subramanian, S.-P. Xie, and R. Keeling (2019), El Niño-like Physical and Biogeochemical Ocean Response to Tropical Eruptions, vol. 32, pp. 2627-2649, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0458.1.
  21. Schlunegger, S., K.B. Rodgers, J.L. Sarmiento, T.L. Frölicher, J.P. Dunne, M. Ishii, and R. Slater (2019), Emergence of Anthropogenic Signals in the Ocean Carbon Cycle, Nature Climate Change, 9(9), 719-725, doi: 10.1038/ s41558-019-0553-2.
  22. B. Bronselaer, M. Winton, S. M. Griffies, W. J. Hurlin, K. B. Rodgers, O. V. Sergienko, R. J. Stouffer, J. l. Russell (2018), Change in future climate due to Antarctic meltwater, Nature.
  23. Fassbender, A. J., Rodgers, K. B., Palevsky, H. I., & Sabine, C. L. (2018),  Seasonal asymmetry in the evolution of surface ocean pCO2 and pH thermodynamic drivers and the influence on sea-air CO2 flux. Global Biogeochemical Cycles
  24. Rodgers, K.B., P. Zhai, R.D. Slater, B.R. Carter, D.Iudicone, O. Aumont, J. Farmer, I. Frenger, A. Jacobson, Y. Plancherel, Y. Plancherel, L. Resplandy, and K. Toyama (2018), Western boundary currents and their extension regions as conduits for the ejection of bomb-radiocarbon from the thermocline, submitted to Global Biogeochemical Cycles.
  25. Resplandy, L., R.F. Keeling, C. Rödenbeck, B.B. Stephens, S. Khatiwala, K.B. Rodgers, M.C. Long, L. Bopp, and P.P. Tans (2018), Revision of global carbon fluxes based on a reassessment of oceanic and riverine carbon transport, Nature Geoscience.
  26. Ritter, R., P. Landschützer, N. Gruber, A.R. Fay, Y. Iida, S. Jones, S. Nakaoka, G.-H. Park, P. Peylin, C. Rödenbeck, K.B. Rodgers, J.D. Shutler, and J. Zeng (2017), Observation-Based Trends of the Southern Ocean Carbon Sink, Geophysical Research Letters, 44.
  27. Toyama, K., K.B. Rodgers, B. Blanke, D. Iudicone, M. Ishii, O. Aumont, and J.L. Sarmiento (2017), Large Re-emergence of Anthropogenic Carbon into the Ocean’s Surface Mixed Layer Sustained by the Ocean’s Overturning Circulation, Journal of Climate, 30, 8615-8631.
  28. Zhai, P., K.B. Rodgers, S.M. Griffies, R.D. Slater, D. Iudicone, and L. Resplandy (2017), Mechanistic drivers of re-emergence of anthropogenic carbon in the Equatorial Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., GRL56443, dos: 10.1002/2017GL073758.
  29. Eddebbar, Y.A., M.C. Long, L. Resplandy, C. Rödenbeck K.B. Rodgers, M. Manizza, and R.F. Keeling (2017), Impacts of ENSO on air-sea oxygen exchange:  observations and mechanisms, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 31 doi:10.1002/2017GB005630.
  30. Carter, B.R., R.A. Feely, S. Mecking, J.N. Cross, A.m. Macdonald, S.A. Siedlecki, L.D. Talley, C.L. Sabine, F.J. Millero, J.H. Swift, A.G. Dickson, and K.B. Rodgers (2017), Two decades of Pacific anthropogenic carbon storage and ocean acidification along Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Program sections P16 and P02, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 31, doi:10.1002/2016GB005485.
  31. Iudicone, D., K.B. Rodgers, Y. Plancherel, O. Aumont, T. Ito, R. Key, G. Madec and M. Ishii (2016), The formation of the ocean’s anthropogenic carbon reservoir, Sci. Rep. 6, 35473, doi:10.1038/srep35473.
  32. Frölicher, T.L., K.B. Rodgers, C. Stock, and W.W.L. Cheung (2016), Sources of uncertainties in 21st century projections of potential ocean ecosystem stressors, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, doi:10.1002/2015GB005338.
  33. Carter, B.R., T.L. Frölicher, J.P. Dunne, K.B. Rodgers, R.D. Slater, and J.L. Sarmiento (2016), Detecting Biogeochemical Ocean Acidification Impacts from Decadal Alkalinity Measurements, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, doi:10.1002/2015GB005308.
  34. Cheung, W.W.L, T.L. Frölicher, R.G. Asch, M.C. Jones, M.L. Pinsky, G. Reygondeau, K.B. Rodgers, R.R. Rykaczewski, J.L. Sarmiento, C. Stock, and J.R. Watson (2016), Food for Thought:  Building confidence in projections of the responses of living marine resources to climate change, ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icejms/fsv250.
  35. Rodgers, K.B., J. Lin, and T.L. Frölicher (2015), Emergence of multiple ocean ecosystem drivers in a large ensemble suite with an Earth System Model, Biogeosciences, 12, 3301-3320.
  36. Nakano, H. M. Ishii, K.B. Rodgers, H. Tsujino, and G. Yamanaka (2015), Oceanic CO2 uptake, transport, storage, and dynamical controls imposed by the thermocline overturning circulation:  a modeling study, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 29, doi:10.1002/2015GB005128.
  37. Galbraith, E.D., J.P. Dunne, A. Gnanadesikan, R.D. Slater, J.L. Sarmiento, C. Dufour, G.F. de Souza, D. Bianchi, M. Claret, K.B. Rodgers, and S.S. Marvasti (2015), Complex functionality with minimal computation: promise and pitfalls of reduced-tracer ocean biogeochemistry models, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 07, doi:10.1002/2015MS000463.
  38. Rodgers, K.B., O. Aumont, S.E. Mikaloff Fletcher, D. Iudicone, L. Bopp, R.F. Keeling, G. Madec, C. de Boyer Montégut, Y. Plancherel, and R. Wanninkhof (2014), Strong sensitivity of Southern Ocean carbon uptake and nutrient cycling to wind stirring, Biogeosciences, 11, 4077-4098.
  39. Majkut, J.D., J.L. Sarmiento, and K.B. Rodgers (2014b), A growing oceanic carbon uptake:  results from an inversion study of surface pCO2data, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 28, doi:10.1002/2013GB004585.
  40. Majkut, J.D., B.R. Carter, T.L. Frölicher, C.O. Dufour, K.B. Rodgers, and J.L. Sarmiento (2014a), An observing system simulation for Southern Ocean CO2 uptake, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 372:20130046.
  41. Ishii, M., R.A. Feely, K.B. Rodgers, et al. (2014), Air-sea CO2 flux in the Pacific Ocean for the period 1990-2009, Biogeosciences, 11, 709-734.
  42. Plancherel, Y., K.B. Rodgers, R.M. Key, A.R. Jacobson, and J.L. Sarmiento (2013), Role of regression model selection and station distribution on the estimation of oceanic anthropogenic carbon change by eMLR, Biogeosciences, 10, 4801-4831.
  43. Rodgers, K.B., S.E. Mikaloff-Fletcher, D. Bianchi, C. Beaulieu, E.D. Galbraith, A. Gnanadesikan, A.G. Hogg, D. Iudicone, B. Lintner, T. Naegler, P.J. Reimer, J.L. Sarmiento, and R.D. Slater (2011), Interhemispheric gradient of atmospheric radiocarbon reveals natural variability of Southern Ocean Winds, Climate of the Past, 7, doi10.5194/cp-7-1123-2011.
  44. Galbraith, E.D., E.Y. Kwon, A. Gnanadesikan, K.B. Rodgers, S.M. Griffies, D. Bianchi, J.L. Sarmiento, J.P. Dunne, J. Simeon, R.D. Slater, A.T. Wittenberg, and I.M. Held (2011), The Impact of Climate Variability on the Distribution of Radiocarbon in CM2Mc, a New Earth System Model, J. Climate, 24, 4230-4254.
  45. Iudicone, D., K.B. Rodgers, I. Stendardo, O. Aumont, G. Madec, L. Bopp, O. Mangoni, and M.R. D’Alcala (2011), Watermasses as a unifying framework for understanding the Southern Ocean Carbon Cycle, Biogeosciences, 8, 1031-1052, doi:10.5194/gb-8-1031-2011.
  46. Gorgues, T., O. Aumont, and K.B. Rodgers (2010), A mechanistic account of increasing seasonal variations in the rate of ocean uptake of anthropogenic carbon, Biogeosciences, 7, 2581-2589.
  47. Sarmiento, J.L., M. Gloor, N. Gruber, C. Beaulieu, A.R. Jacobson, S.M. Fletcher, S. Pacala, and K. Rodgers (2010), Trends and regional distributions of land and ocean carbon sinks, Biogeosciences, 7, 2351-2367.
  48. Rodgers, K.B., R.M. Key, A. Gnanadesikan, J.L. Sarmiento, O. Aumont, L. Bopp, S.C. Doney, J.P. Dunne, D.M. Glover, A. Ishida, M. Ishii, A.R. Jacobson, C. Lo Monaco, E. Maier-Reimer, H. Mercier, N. Metzl, F.F. Pérez, A.F. Rios, R. Wanninkhof, P. Wetzel, C.D. Winn, and Y. Yamanaka (2009), Altimetry helps to explain patchy changes in hydrographic carbon measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C09013, doi:10.1029/2008JC005183.
  49. Rodgers, K.B., J.L. Sarmiento, C. Crevoisier, C. de Boyer Montegut, N. Metzl, and O. Aumont (2008), A wintertime uptake window for anthropogenic CO2 in the North Pacific, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB2020, doi:10.1029/2006GB002920.
  50. Rodgers, K.B., C. Menkes, T. Gorgues, and O. Aumont (2008), Decadal variations in equatorial Pacific ecosystems and ferrocline/pycnocline decoupling, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB2019, doi:10.1029/2006GB02919.
  51. Gorgues, T., C. Menkes, O. Aumont, K.B. Rodgers, G. Madec, and Y. Dandonneau (2007), Indonesian Throughflow control of the eastern equatorial Pacific biogeochemistry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05609, doi:10.1029/2006GL028210.
  52. Iudicone, D., K.B. Rodgers, R. Schopp, and G. Madec (2007), An Exchange Window for the Injection of Antarctic Intermediate Water into the South Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 31-49.
  53. Laurian, A., A. Lazar, G. Reverdin, K.B. Rodgers, and P. Terray (2006), Poleward propagation of spiciness anomalies in the North Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L13603, doi:10.1029/2006GL026155.
  54. Naegler, T., P. Ciais, K.B. Rodgers, and I. Levin (2006), Excess radiocarbon constraints on air-sea gas exchange and the uptake of CO2 by the oceans, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L11802, doi:10.1029/2005GL025408.
  55. Raynaud, S., O. Aumont, K.B. Rodgers, P. Yiou, and J.C. Orr (2006), Interannual-to-decadal variability of North Atlantic air-sea CO2 fluxes, Ocean Sci., 2, 43-60.
  56. Alory, G., S. Cravatte, T. Izumo, and K.B. Rodgers (2005), Validation of a decadal OGCM simulation for the tropical Pacific, Ocean Modelling, Vol. 10, Issues 3-4, 272-282.
  57. Orr, J.C., and coauthors (2005), Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms, Nature, Vol. 437, doi:10.1038/nature04, 681-686.
  58. Rodgers, K.B., P. Freiderichs, and M. Latif (2004), Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability and its relation to decadal modulations of ENSO, Journal of Climate, Vol. 17, No. 19, 3761-3774.
  59. Rodgers, K.B., O. Aumont, G. Madec, C. Menkes, B. Blanke, P. Monfray, J.C. Orr, and D.P. Schrag (2004), Radiocarbon as a thermocline proxy for the eastern equatorial Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L14314, doi:10.1029/2004GL019764.
  60. Colberg, F. C., J.C. Reason, and K.B. Rodgers (2004), South Atlantic response to ENSO induced climate variability, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C12015, doi:10.1029/2004JC002301.
  61. Rodgers, K.B., B. Blanke, G. Madec, O. Aumont, P. Ciais, and J.-C. Dutay (2003), Extratropical sources of Equatorial Pacific upwelling in an OGCM, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, L1084, doi:10.1029/2002GL016003.
  62. Rodgers, K.B., S. Charbit, M. Kageyama, G. Philippon, G. Ramstein, C. Ritz, J. Yin, G. Lohmann, S. Lorenz, and M. Khodri (2004), Sensitivity of Northern Hemispheric continental ice sheets to tropical SSTs during deglaciation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02206, doi:10.1029/2003GL018375, 2004.
  63. J.C. Dutay, P. Jean-Baptiste, J.-M. Campin, A. Ishida, E. Maier-Reimer, R.J. Matear, A. Mouchet, I.J. Totterdell, Y. Yamanaka, K.B. Rodgers, G. Madec, and J.C. Orr (2004), Evaluation of OCMIP-2 Ocean Models’ Deep Circulation with Mantle Helium-3, Journal of Marine Systems, 48, 15-36.
  64. Rodgers, K.B., G. Lohmann, S. Lorenz, R. Schneider, and G.M. Henderson (2003), A tropical mechanism for Northern Hemisphere deglaciation, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 4(5), 1046, doi:10.1029/2003GC00508, 2003.
  65. Hazeleger, W., R. Seager, M. Visbeck, N. Naik, and K. Rodgers (2001), On the impact of the midlatitude storm track on the upper Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 616-636.
  66. Rodgers, K.B., M. Latif, and S. Legutke (2000), Sensitivity of equatorial Pacific and Indian Ocean watermasses to position of Indonesian Throughflow, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2941-2944.
  67. Rodgers, K.B., D.P. Schrag, M.A. Cane, and N.H. Naik (2000), The Bomb-14C Transient in the Pacific Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 104, No. C9, 20,551-20,570, 1999.
  68. Rodgers, K.B., M.A. Cane, N.H. Naik, and D.P. Schrag (1999), The role of the Indonesian Throughflow in equatorial Pacific thermocline ventilation, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 104, No. c9, 20,551-20,570.
  69. Rodgers, K.B., M.A. Cane, and D.P. Schrag (1997), Seasonal Variability of sea surface D14C in the Equatorial Pacific in an Ocean Circulation Model, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 102, No. 18, 18,627-18,639.
  70. Archer, D., T. Takahashi, S. Sutherland, J. Goddard, D. Chipman, K. Rodgers, and H. Ogura (1996), Daily, seasonal, and interannual variability of sea surface carbon and nutrient concentrations in the Equatorial Pacific, Deep Sea Res., 43, 779-808.
  71. Archer, D., M. Lyle, K. Rodgers, and P. Froelich (1993), What controls opal preservation in tropical deep sea sediments? Paleoceanography, Vol. 8, No. 1, 7-21.

Non-Peer Reviewed Articles

  1. Rodgers K.B., P. Zhai, D. Iudicone, O. Aumont, B. Carter, A.J. Fassbener, S.M. Griffies, Y. Plancherel, L. Resplandy, R.D. Slater, and K. Toyama (2017), Western boundary currents as conduits for the ejection of anthropogenic carbon from the thermocline, U.S. CLIVAR Variations, Vol. 15. No. 4, 6-10.